Can the Subaltern Speak essay summary

The basic claim and opening statement of “Can the Subaltern Speak?” is that western academic thinking is produced in order to support western economical interests. … Spivak holds that knowledge is never innocent and that it expresses the interests of its producers.

What does Can the Subaltern Speak say?

Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak’s original essay “Can the Subaltern Speak?” transformed the analysis of colonialism through an eloquent and uncompromising argument that affirmed the contemporary relevance of Marxism while using deconstructionist methods to explore the international division of labor and capitalism’s ” …

What is the theory of Gayatri Spivak?

Spivak asserts that the subaltern subject is heterogeneous and, by examining the mechanisms of the supposed ‘recovery’ of their voice, instead an ongoing displacement and effacement is revealed. The key subject position disentangled by Spivak is that of the female subaltern and the practice of sati or widow immolation.

Can the Subaltern Speak Summary Wikipedia?

Spivak’s work Can the Subaltern Speak(1985) addresses the issue of the oppressed Third World woman, particularly in terms of Indian women and their practice of sati – self-immolation following the death of their husband. … On one hand, a woman is bound by convention, tradition and faith to commit to sati.

What does Spivak mean by Subalternity explain with examples?

In discussions of the meaning of the term subaltern in the work of Gramsci, Spivak said that he used the word as a synonym for the proletariat (a code word to deceive the prison censor to allow his manuscripts out the prison), but contemporary evidence indicates that the term was a novel concept in Gramsci’s political …

Can the Subaltern Speak conclusion?

Thus Spivak concludes that it is impossible to reclaim and rewrite history in the Western framework as they construct truth for us as Bhubaneshwari’s family constructed for her and hence Subaltern cannot speak.

Can the Subaltern Speak by Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak PDF?

Every partial revolutionary attack or defense is linked in this way to the workers’ struggle’ (FD, p. 217). The apparent banality signals a disavowal.

What is subaltern consciousness?

Subaltern consciousness seeks its own vision of a ‘paradise lost’ in the sense of community. The autonomy of Subaltern consciousness is opposed to elite nationalism.

Can the Subaltern Speak citation Spivak?

APA (6th ed.) In Morris, R. C., & Spivak, G. C. (2010). Can the subaltern speak?: Reflections on the history of an idea.

Is Spivak a deconstructionist?

Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, a leading postcolonial critic, uses deconstruction to problematize the privileged, academic postcolonial critic’s unknowing participation in the exploitation of the Third World. … Here arises one of the central principles of deconstruction.

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What is the subaltern according to Spivak?

Fundamental to Spivak’s theory is the concept of Subaltern. The ‘Subaltern’ is a military term which means ‘of lower rank’. She borrowed this term from Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci.

What does epistemic violence mean?

Epistemic violence is a failure of an audience to communicatively. reciprocate, either intentionally or unintentionally, in linguistic exchanges. owning to pernicious ignorance. Pernicious ignorance is a reliable ignorance or. a counterfactual incompetence that, in a given context, is harmful.

Can the subaltern speak postcolonial?

While Of Grammology jumpstarted her career, her 1988 essay “Can the Subaltern Speak?” redefined it and post-colonialism at large. … Spivak’s eloquent and uncompromising arguments engaged with more than just power, politics, and the postcolonial.

What does Spivak say about Sati?

According to Spivak the word “sati” means a good wife and the Hindu female woman will not be good & loyal until she burns herself with her dead husband. This practice was common among the Hindu minorities in India. Surprisingly , the number of the sati women increased during the British colonization.

Can the Subaltern Speak strategic essentialism?

Strategic essentialism recognizes the complexities of occupying a subject-object position, of the subaltern, whether it is a movement, group, or individual. They are working from within a structural position of subordination in society, while also embodying and critiquing that position.

Why is subaltern studies important in understanding Indian society?

Subaltern studies analyzes the “binary relationship” of the subaltern and ruling classes, and thus studies the interplay of dominance and subordination in colonial systems, most notably India, though the methods of the movement have since been applied to other nations, spaces, and historical moments.

Can the Subaltern Speak research paper?

This paper traces the history of Subaltern Studies in India pioneered by Ranajit Guha and focuses on the work of Gayatri Spivak who had developed this idea a step further and asks the question, “Can the Subaltern Speak?”, and throws light on the comprehension of historical narratives of women’s resistance in India.

What is subaltern PDF?

Subalternity is a position without identity, a position “where social lines of mobility, being elsewhere, do not permit the formation of a recognizable basis of action.” The concept originally is used from a strong political perspective against subordination, to understand the mechanisms of subordination better, …

What is postcolonialism theory?

Postcolonial theory is a body of thought primarily concerned with accounting for the political, aesthetic, economic, historical, and social impact of European colonial rule around the world in the 18th through the 20th century.

Can the subaltern speak essay publication date?

It was first published in the journal Wedge in 1985, as “Can the Subaltern Speak?: Speculations on Widow Sacrifice”; reprinted in 1988 as “Can the Subaltern Speak?” in Cary Nelson and Larry Grossberg’s edited collection, Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture; and revised by Spivak as part of her “History” chapter …

Who is the main pioneer of the subaltern concept?

The primary leader was Ranajit Guha who had written works on peasant uprisings in India. Another of the leading scholars of subaltern studies is Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak.

Can the subaltern think?

Epistemic freedom is the freedom of the subaltern to think and act in any way in academia, theoretically and methodologically, without restrictions from the European “scientific” rules of knowledge production (Smith, 1999).

What is subaltern history answer?

Subaltern means the ‘bottommost ranks’ and subaltern history developed from the idea that history should be written from the bottommost rank of people in the society. This idea was developed by the Italian historian Antonio Gramsci. The seeds of subaltern history are supposed to be found in the Marxist historiography.

What is center in deconstruction?

Derrida says the center is the crucial part of any structure. It’s the point where you can’t substitute anything. … The center is thus, paradoxically, both within the structure and outside it. The center is the center but not part of what Derrida calls “the totality,” i.e. the structure.

What is the difference between epistemic and epistemological?

Usage notes. Philosophers differentiate the meanings of epistemic and epistemological, where, broadly, epistemic means “relating to knowledge (itself)” and epistemological means “relating to the study or theory of various aspects of knowledge“.

What makes something an epistemic injustice?

Epistemic injustice is the idea that we can be unfairly discriminated against in our capacity as a knower based on prejudices about the speaker, such as gender, social background, ethnicity, race, sexuality, tone of voice, accent, and so on.

What does epistemic rhetoric mean?

1. A modern term designating a conception of rhetoric that emphasizes its epistemological aspects. In epistemic rhetoric, persuasion is seen as the result of not just presentation (form and style) but also content. While the term is modern this point of view is clearly represented in classical rhetoric, too.

Can the Subaltern Speak famous quotes?

When we seem to have won or lost in terms of certainties, we must, as literature teachers in the classroom, remember such warnings — let literature teach us that there are no certainties, that the process is open, and that it may be altogether salutary that it is so.