How does pollution affect the environment

Air pollution can damage crops and trees in a variety of ways. Ground-level ozone can lead to reductions in agricultural crop and commercial forest yields, reduced growth and survivability of tree seedlings, and increased plant susceptibility to disease, pests and other environmental stresses (such as harsh weather).


How does Industrialisation affect the environment?

One negative byproduct of industrialization is environmental pollution that can adversely impact human health. … The cost burden is placed on human society in the form of deforestation, extinction of species, widespread pollution, excessive waste and other forms of environmental degradation.

How does pollution affect the environment and animals?

Air pollution negatively affects wildlife by changing plant communities. Stunted plant growth from atmospheric ozone affects the quality of habitat and food sources. … Air pollution also indirectly threatens birds. pH level increases result in fish kills, causing a decline in food sources.

How does industrial pollution affect the environment class 10?

Industrial pollution degrades the environment in the following ways: (i) Air is polluted by the gases. (ii) Dust, fume, mist, spray and smoke contain particles. … industries pollute land and soil due to toxic materials.

What are the 5 effects of pollution?

Human Health Chest pain, congestion, throat inflammation, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease are some of the diseases that can be caused by air pollution. Water pollution occurs due to contamination of water and may pose skin related problems including skin irritations and rashes.

What is industrial pollution and environmental degradation?

Industries cause environmental degradation through four main types of pollution i.e. air pollution, water pollution, land pollution or soil degradation, and noise pollution. … Radioactive waste, hazardous chemicals, glass, plastic, industrial effluents and non-biodegradable garbage are the main agents of land pollution.

Why does industrialization cause pollution?

The U.S. Department of Agriculture indicates that mining, manufacturing plants and factory waste are sources of soil contamination. Industrial waste often contains heavy metals that pollute urban soil and cropland. … Soil becomes contaminated when toxic industrial emissions fall as precipitation.

How does industry pollute the environment explain with three examples?

Smoke is emitted by chemical and paper factories, brick kilns, refineries and smelting plants, and burning of fossil fuels in big and small factories. (ii) Water pollution is caused by organic and inorganic industrial wastes and affluents discharged into rivers.

Do industries pollute the environment?

Environmental pollution is caused by industries as they emit wastes that pollute the air and water. … Industries also discharge organic and inorganic wastes into the water causing water pollution. For instance, fertilizers, dyes, pesticides, soaps etc. released as wastes from industries mix with water and pollute it.

How do industries pollute environment explain with 5 examples?

Smoke is emitted from paper mills, burning of fossil fuels, smelting plants etc. Factory equipments, generators, saws cause noise pollution. Thermal pollution of water occurs when hot water from factories and thermal plants is drained into rivers and ponds before cooling.

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What is environment and environmental pollution?

Environmental pollution is defined as “the contamination of the physical and biological components of the earth/atmosphere system to such an extent that normal environmental processes are adversely affected. From: Environmental Management, 2017.

How can pollutants affect organisms?

Air pollutants can poison wildlife through the disruption of endocrine function, organ injury, increased vulnerability to stresses and diseases, lower reproductive success, and possible death.

What are the 3 effects of pollution?

Long-term health effects from air pollution include heart disease, lung cancer, and respiratory diseases such as emphysema. Air pollution can also cause long-term damage to people’s nerves, brain, kidneys, liver, and other organs. Some scientists suspect air pollutants cause birth defects.

What causes environmental pollution?

Additionally, environmental pollution is triggered by the introduction of harmful materials, such as gaseous pollutants, toxic metals, and particulate matter (PM) into the atmosphere; sewage, industrial effluents, agricultural runoffs, and electronic wastes into water bodies; and activities such as mining, …

What are the effects of pollution answer?

Air pollution is known to cause irritation in the eyes, lungs, nose, and throat. It creates respiratory problems and exacerbates existing conditions such as asthma and emphysema. When continually exposed to air pollution, humans become at higher risk for cardiovascular disease.

How does industrial pollution affect humans?

The pollutants emitted from industrial complexes enter human body through the respiratory system or skin and can cause allergic reactions, respiratory symptoms, and various acute and chronic diseases, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, lung dysfunctions, skin and eye diseases, acute bronchitis, …

How does industrial pollution affect water pollution?

How do industrial pollution results in water pollution? Explanation: Dumping of various industrial waste products into water sources and improper contamination of industrial wastes often result in polluting the water. This water pollution disturbs the balance of ecosystem.

How does industrial waste pollute water?

One of the most devastating effects of industrial waste is water pollution. For many industrial processes, water is used which comes in contact with harmful chemicals. These chemicals may include organic compounds (such as solvents), metals, nutrients or radioactive material.

How does industries pollute air and water and degrade the environment?

Air pollution is caused by the presence of high proportion of undesirable gases, such as sulphur dioxide and cabon monoxide, dust sprays, mist and smoke in the atmosphere due to emission from industrial units. … Water pollution is caused by organic and inorganic industrial wastes and effluent discharged into rivers.

How does Industries affect climate change?

Industry (23 percent of 2019 greenhouse gas emissions) – Greenhouse gas emissions from industry primarily come from burning fossil fuels for energy, as well as greenhouse gas emissions from certain chemical reactions necessary to produce goods from raw materials.

How do industries pollute the environment and freshwater resource?

Industries discharge chemical wastes comprising substances called effluents in rivers, lakes, streams etc. Factories sometimes turn waterways into open sewers by dumping oil, toxic chemicals and other harmful liquids called effluents into them.

How do industries pollute the environment explain with example suggest any three measures to reduce the industrial pollution of freshwater resources?

(i) Minimising use of water for processing by reusing and recycling it in two or more successive stages. (ii) Harvesting of rainwater to meet water requirements. (iii) Treatment of hotwater and affluents before releasing them in rivers and ponds.

How do industries pollute air and water Explain with examples?

Industrial pollution degrades the environment in the following ways: (i) Air is polluted by the gases. (ii) Dust, fume, mist, spray and smoke contain particles. (iii) Industrial effluents pollute rivers.

What are the 5 major environmental problems?

  • Ozone Depletion, Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming: …
  • Desertification: …
  • Deforestation: …
  • Loss of Biodiversity: …
  • Disposal of Wastes:

What are types of environmental pollution?

  • Water Pollution.
  • Air Pollution.
  • Soil Pollution.
  • Thermal Pollution.
  • Radioactive Pollution.
  • Noise Pollution.
  • Light Pollution.

How does pollution affect the balance of the ecosystem?

Air pollution affects ecosystems in a number of ways, altering basic ecosystem functions such as primary production (plant growth) and biogeochemical cycling which in turn affect the ecosystem services and therefore the benefits that humans get from the environment such as timber, clean drinking water and an …

How does pollution affect non living things?

Due to Air Pollution, gases such as sulphur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen are released into the atmosphere. These oxides of sulphur and nitrogen dissolve in rain water to produce sulphuric and nitric acid respectively. … Acid rains can cause large-scale damage to and buildings and monuments (non living things).

How does pollution affect global warming?

Some air pollutants cause the climate to warm. Air pollution includes greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide. Greenhouse gases cause the climate to warm by trapping heat from the Sun in the Earth’s atmosphere. … According to a NASA study, an increase in ozone pollution, or smog, is causing warming in the Arctic regions.

What is the most important environmental issue?

  • Pollution. …
  • Global warming. …
  • Overpopulation. …
  • Waste disposal. …
  • Ocean acidification. …
  • Loss of biodiversity. …
  • Deforestation. …
  • Ozone layer depletion.

What are the causes and effects of environmental problems?

  • Land Disturbance. A more basic cause of environmental degradation is land damage. …
  • Pollution. Pollution, in whatever form, whether it is air, water, land or noise is harmful to the environment. …
  • Overpopulation. …
  • Landfills. …
  • Deforestation. …
  • Natural Causes.