Is cerebral palsy and intellectual disability

Cerebral Palsy Isn’t an Intellectual Impairment, But… Cerebral Palsy does not on its own affect a person’s intelligence. However, as many as 30-50% of children with CP have some form of cognitive impairment caused by a coexisting condition.

Is cerebral palsy a neurological disability?

The term cerebral palsy refers to a group of neurological disorders that appear in infancy or early childhood and permanently affect body movement, muscle coordination, and balance. CP affects the part of the brain that controls muscle movements.

Is cerebral palsy a learning disability?

Cerebral palsy and learning disability Cerebral palsy is not a learning disability, but some people with cerebral palsy might have a learning disability.

Is cerebral palsy a physical or cognitive disability?

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a neurological condition that affects movement and posture. Although it is primarily defined as a motor disability, the brain damage that results in cerebral palsy often causes co-occurring conditions such as epilepsy, vision and hearing problems, and cognitive impairments.

Is cerebral palsy a form of autism?

Cerebral palsy is not a form of autism. According to the Mayo Clinic, cerebral palsy — which develops after the brain suffers severe damage before, during, or shortly after birth — causes problems with muscle control and tone, movement, and posture.

Is mild cerebral palsy a disability?

Mild cerebral palsy will not qualify for disability benefits. The SSA sets out what’s required to get disability benefits for a child with cerebral palsy in listing 111.07.

Can you have cerebral palsy and autism?

An estimated seven percent of children with cerebral palsy have co-occurring autism. Autism is characterized by varying degrees of difficulty related to social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors.

When do intellectual disabilities begin?

The symptoms of intellectual disability begin during childhood. Delays in language or motor skills may be seen by age two. However, mild levels of intellectual disability may not be identified until school age when a child has difficulty with academics.

What are 3 early signs of cerebral palsy?

  • Developmental delays. The child is slow to reach milestones such as rolling over, sitting, crawling, and walking. …
  • Abnormal muscle tone. Body parts are floppy or too stiff.
  • Abnormal posture.
Can cerebral palsy cause mental retardation?

Mental retardation: Some, although not all, children with cerebral palsy are affected by mental retardation. Generally, the more severe the retardation, the more severe the disability overall. Seizures: About one-third of people with cerebral palsy have seizures.

Article first time published on

What impairments may occur with cerebral palsy?

All people with cerebral palsy have problems with movement and posture, and some also have some level of intellectual disability, seizures, and abnormal physical sensations or perceptions, as well as other medical disorders. People with CP also may have impaired vision or hearing, and language, and speech problems.

Is autism a cognitive disability?

Many individuals with an ASD have significant cognitive impairments, although some have typical or even above average IQs. 30-50% of people with autism also have seizures.

What are the top 5 learning disabilities?

  1. Dyslexia. …
  2. Dysgraphia. …
  3. Dyscalculia. …
  4. Auditory processing disorder. …
  5. Language processing disorder.

How many people with cerebral palsy have learning disabilities?

This may have arisen because people with the condition can have problems controlling their facial movements and speech, and it can be difficult to understand them at first. Cognitive or learning disabilities do occur and it is estimated that 45% of children with cerebral palsy have a learning disability.

What are learning disabilities?

Learning disabilities are due to genetic and/or neurobiological factors that alter brain functioning in a manner which affects one or more cognitive processes related to learning. These processing problems can interfere with learning basic skills such as reading, writing and/or math.

Can you have cerebral palsy and ADHD?

Children with cerebral palsy have an increased risk for an array of co-existing conditions, such as autism and epilepsy. However, ADHD is reported to be more common in children with CP than in the general population. Recent estimates suggest that 19% of children with cerebral palsy also have ADHD.

Does cerebral palsy affect behavior?

Problem behaviors include dependency, being headstrong, hyperactive, anxious, or prone to conflict with their peer group, or exhibiting antisocial behaviours. Children with cerebral palsy may also have emotional problems such as difficulties with their peer group and strong emotional responses to new challenges.

Is cerebral palsy painful?

Of the many conditions that can be associated with cerebral palsy, one of the most common is pain. Pain can take many different forms, affect different parts of the body, and vary in severity by the individual.

What conditions are associated with cerebral palsy?

  • 1 Introduction.
  • 2 Respiratory Difficulties.
  • 3 Speech Impairment.
  • 4 Oral Motor Impairment.
  • 5 Digestive Issues.
  • 6 Vision Impairment.
  • 7 Hearing Impairment.
  • 8 Epilepsy/Seizures.

Is cerebral palsy on the spectrum?

Both cerebral palsy and autism are spectrum disorders, meaning that they involve a wide range of symptoms and severities. As a result, no two cases of cerebral palsy or autism are the same. Many people with cerebral palsy can independently walk, and many people with autism can speak and are extremely intelligent.

What is the average lifespan of a person with cerebral palsy?

Generally, children born with cerebral palsy can expect to live between 30 and 70 years on average. Those with the longest life expectancies usually have more mobility, better medical care and adaptive equipment and greater autonomy and independence. There is no cure for cerebral palsy and the condition lasts for life.

Is cerebral palsy considered a permanent disability?

Cerebral palsy is a permanent condition, and there is no cure. However, cerebral palsy is also not progressive, which means it does not get worse over time. Some of the associated conditions may worsen.

Why is cerebral palsy a disability?

Cerebral palsy is a physical disability that affects movement and posture. Cerebral palsy is an umbrella term that refers to a group of disorders affecting a person’s ability to move. It is due to damage to the developing brain either during pregnancy or shortly after birth.

Do cerebral palsy babies smile?

Social and Emotional Milestones Emotional and social milestones are not always as easy to assess, but delays in these can also indicate a child has cerebral palsy or another developmental disorder. A 2-month old baby should be able to smile at people and use simple self-calming techniques.

Does cerebral palsy show on MRI?

An MRI will be abnormal in 90% of children with cerebral palsy (3). It is usually the preferred method of testing on children because it is painless and reveals the structures of the brain. It is, however, noisy and can take a while to complete, so babies will commonly be given mild sedatives (2).

Does cerebral palsy affect the eyes?

Visual impairments are strikingly common among children with Cerebral Palsy. Common visual conditions that are found in children with Cerebral Palsy include strabismus, cataracts and refractive issues. Strabismus is a severely turned eye that makes it impossible for both eyes to work together.

Does cerebral palsy get worse with age?

Cerebral Palsy and Adulthood Explained Cerebral palsy is a “non-progressive” disorder. This means that as children get older, their CP will not worsen. While an individual’s cerebral palsy will not decline as they get older, there are a few things that can impact their overall health and wellness.

What are 3 intellectual disabilities?

  • Fragile X syndrome. Fragile X syndrome is the most common known cause of an inherited intellectual disability worldwide. …
  • Down syndrome. …
  • Developmental delay. …
  • Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) …
  • Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)

Which is an example of an intellectual disability?

There are many signs of an Intellectual Disability. For example, children may: Sit up, crawl, or walk later than other children. Learn to talk later or have trouble speaking.

Is ADHD a intellectual disability?

Along with autism, cerebral palsy, hearing loss, intellectual disabilities, learning disabilities, vision impairment and others, ADHD is also considered a developmental disability.

How does cerebral palsy affect you emotionally?

The emotional effects of cerebral palsy are often a result of feeling misunderstood or alone. Adverse emotional effects like withdrawn behavior, anxiety, depression, or angry outbursts are commonly experienced as a result of motor impairments.