What are 3 important facts about Matthew Henson

Matthew Henson may have been the first person to stand at the North Pole. He reached the Pole as a member of an expedition to the Arctic led by the explorer Robert E. Peary in 1909. Matthew Alexander Henson was born in Maryland on August 8, 1866.

What did Matthew A Henson do?

Matthew Henson was an African American explorer best known as the co-discoverer of the North Pole with Robert Edwin Peary in 1909.

Is Taraji P Henson related to Matthew Henson?

Henson. Matthew was the half-brother of Taraji P. Henson’s great-great grandfather, Joseph Henson. The Henson family hailed from Nanjemoy, a very small village in Maryland south of Washington, D.C. where the Henson family lived for at least three generations.

What is on Matthew Henson gravestone?

The monument on Henson’s gravesite features an inset bronze plaque commemorating the North Pole discovery. At the top sits a large bas-relief bust of Henson in Arctic gear. Immediately below, an inscription describes his part in reaching the North Pole.

Who discovered South Pole?

One hundred years ago today the South Pole was reached by a party of Norwegian explorers under the command of Roald Amundsen.

What did Matthew Henson do at age 12?

Orphaned as a youth, Henson went to sea at the age of 12 as a cabin boy on the sailing ship Katie Hines. Later, while working in a store in Washington, D.C., he met Peary, who hired him in 1887 as a valet for his next expedition to Nicaragua (1888).

Who were Matthew Henson's parents?

According to A Black Explorer at the North Pole, his parents, Lemuel Henson and Lemuel’s second wife, Caroline, moved to Washington, D.C., when Henson was a young child. After his mother’s death when he was seven years old, an uncle raised him.

How old was Matthew Henson when he ran away?

Henson was not happy with his living situation and ran away from home when he was eleven years old.

What did Henson face growing up in Washington DC?

But Henson probably didn’t hear much about the Arctic while growing up in Washington, D.C. By the time Henson was 13, his parents had both died. As a Black American, he faced terrible racism.

Is the North Pole permanently frozen?

The North Pole is by definition the northernmost point on the Earth, lying diametrically opposite the South Pole. … While the South Pole lies on a continental land mass, the North Pole is located in the middle of the Arctic Ocean amid waters that are almost permanently covered with constantly shifting sea ice.

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How did Matthew Henson travel to the North Pole?

In 1906 with the support of President Theodore Roosevelt, Peary and Henson managed to get within 174 miles of the North Pole by ship using a state-of-the-art ice breaker. On the three-masted steam-powered schooner called the Roosevelt, Peary and Henson made it closer to the pole than on any expedition to date.

Why is Matthew Henson a hero?

Explain to students that in 1908, Matthew Henson joined Commander Robert E. Peary’s expedition. Their goal was to be the first people to reach the North Pole successfully. Henson demonstrated great courage during his Arctic exploration and in his daily life as an African American.

What was Matthew Henson's quote?

Matthew Henson Quotes and Sayings – Page 1 The path is not easy, the climbing is rugged and hard, but the glory at the end is worthwhile.” “It’ll work, if God, wind, leads, ice, snow, and all the hells of this damned frozen land are willing.” “I think I’m the first man to sit on top of the world.”

Where could I see Henson's grave today?

Seventy-nine years to the day after he reached the North Pole with Comdr. Robert E. Peary only to spend most of the rest of his life in historical oblivion, Matthew Alexander Henson was given a hero’s burial today in Arlington National Cemetery.

Did a black man discover the North Pole?

On this date in 1909, Matthew Henson a Black man became the first man to reach the North Pole. Henson, a Black explorer, and adventurer began the journey with Admiral Robert E. Peary from Camp Sheridan in Greenland in February of that year.

How many dogs did Peary and Henson Bring on the North Pole trip?

On 6 April 1909, Henson, Peary and four Inuit drove their dogsleds to the North Pole – or as near as makes no difference.

Has anyone been to the center of Antarctica?

In what could go down as one of the great feats in polar history, the American Colin O’Brady, 33, covered the final 77.54 miles of the 921-mile journey across Antarctica in one final sleepless, 32-hour burst, becoming the first person ever to traverse Antarctica from coast to coast solo, unsupported and unaided by wind …

Which pole is colder?

The Short Answer: Both the Arctic (North Pole) and the Antarctic (South Pole) are cold because they don’t get any direct sunlight. However, the South Pole is a lot colder than the North Pole.

Who died on the Ross Ice Shelf?

Robert Falcon Scott and his companions reached the South Pole in January of 1912, only to die on their return journey at a remote site on the Ross Ice Shelf, about 170 miles from their base camp on the coast.

Did Anauakaq Henson have kids?

Henson’s five sons also accompanied him. In addition to his sons, Mr. Henson is survived by 23 grandchildren.