What are 4 elements of the Rogerian argument

Maxine Hairston, in a section on “Rogerian or nonthreatening argument” in her textbook A Contemporary Rhetoric, advised that one “shouldn’t start writing with a detailed plan in mind” but might start by making four lists: the other’s concerns, one’s own key points, anticipated problems, and points of agreement or …

How many paragraphs are in a Rogerian argument?

As opposed to the traditional 5-paragraph essay, which has three main points as the body paragraphs, the Rogerian essay focuses on trying to work out the main arguments of each side. The first body paragraph should focus on one side of the argument, and the second paragraph should focus on the other side.

Why is the Rogerian model better?

Good Toulmin authors tend to expand the issue to a greater context. … In contrast to the Toulmin style, Rogerian arguments demonstrate more elaboration, understanding and support of the opposite point of view. Mentioning valid points and ideas from the other side is encouraged.

How do you write a Rogerian thesis?

The Rogerian structure includes the following parts: An introduction that gives a fair assessment of the opposition; a section detailing the viewpoints of the opposition and stating where you see merit in their views; the thesis statement that shows how you have taken the opposition into account but have still …

Where does the thesis go in a Rogerian argument?

  1. Introduce the author and work. …
  2. Provide the audience a short but concise summary of the work to which you are responding. …
  3. State the main issue addressed in the work Your thesis, or claim, will come after you summarize the two sides of the issue.

What is the order in a Rogerian argument?

“The writer who uses the Rogerian strategy attempts to do three things: (1) to convey to the reader that he is understood, (2) to delineate the area within which he believes the reader’s position to be valid, and (3) to induce him to believe that he and the writer share similar moral qualities (honesty, integrity, and …

How do you write a Rogerian introduction?

Features of a Rogerian essay Start your introduction with a hook which captures the attention of your audience. Secondly, state the issue or matter at hand to be settled or fixed. Thirdly, indicate some background information about it and lastly include your thesis statement.

What are the two steps to a Rogerian argument?

  1. I. Introduction. Discuss the issue, what’s at stake and any context required for your readers to understand the argument.
  2. II. Explain the Opposing View. …
  3. III. Describe Your Views. …
  4. IV. Find Common Ground. …
  5. V. Offer a Compromise.

Is Rogerian argument non confrontational?

The Rogerian argument, inspired by the influential psychologist Carl Rogers, aims to find compromise or common ground about an issue. Introduction: Introduce the issue under scrutiny in a non-confrontational way. … Be sure to outline the main sides in the debate.

When should Rogerian argument be used?

Rogerian arguments are oftentimes used in essays such as position papers. One advantage of using Rogerian argumentation is that the writer or speaker gains the attention of the audience and prevents them from immediately arguing in opposition.

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What does it mean to find common ground in Rogerian argument?

A Rogerian argument presumes that if author and audience find common ground regarding an issue or problem, they will be more likely to find, or agree upon, a common solution. … It succeeds only when the author understands the audience.

What is the difference between traditional argument and Rogerian argument?

Traditional Argument: Writer states the claim and gives reasons to prove it. Writer refutes the opponent by showing what is wrong or invalid. Rogerian Argument: The writer states opponent’s claim to demonstrate understanding and shows how its valid.

How does Rogerian argument differ from classical rhetoric?

Instead of promoting the adversarial relationship that traditional or classical argument typically sets up between reader and writer, Rogerian argument assumes that if reader and writer can both find common ground about a problem, they are more likely to find a solution to that problem.

What should I write my argument paper on?

  1. Should fracking be legal?
  2. Should parents be able to modify their unborn children?
  3. Do GMOs help or harm people?
  4. Should vaccinations be required for students to attend public school?
  5. Should world governments get involved in addressing climate change?

How do you write a classical argument essay?

  1. Classical. Present the main argument, state your opinion, and do your best to convince the reader why your stance is the right one. …
  2. Rogerian. Present the problem, acknowledge the opposing side of the argument, state your point of view, and explain why yours is the most beneficial to the reader. …
  3. Toulmin.

Can a thesis statement be a paragraph?

A thesis statement must ALWAYS be a complete sentence. In some cases, the thesis may stretch to two sentences, but it should be identified in a concise statement, not generally discussed within a paragraph. Thesis statements may vary depending on the type of paper.

What is Aristotelian argument?

Aristotelian argument (based on the teachings of the Greek philosopher Aristotle) is made to confirm a position or hypothesis or to refute an existing argument. Using the techniques at hand, the writer attempts to persuade the reader to a particular point of view.

What is the argument essay?

Argumentative Essays The argumentative essay is a genre of writing that requires the student to investigate a topic; collect, generate, and evaluate evidence; and establish a position on the topic in a concise manner. … Expository essays involve less research and are shorter in length.

What is an expository essay?

Expository Essays The expository essay is a genre of essay that requires the student to investigate an idea, evaluate evidence, expound on the idea, and set forth an argument concerning that idea in a clear and concise manner.

What is the function of a because clause following a claim?

The reasons, also called “because clauses” are the “why” behind the claim. Each reason will address one concern, and will act as one section of argument for the paper. Each of the reasons will be supported with its own research or support.

How can stasis questions help you when you are creating an argument?

To help you develop a plan for an argument, using stasis theory can help in your invention stage. In a discussion of a problem or issue, stasis theory asks you and your fellow debater to come to an agreement on an issue. For example, people have various opinions about sexism and racism.

What is competitive argumentation?

1. To consider something; deliberate. 2. To engage in argument by discussing opposing points. 3.

What is true about persuasive writing but not argumentative writing?

while persuasive essays are a genre of writing that attempts to convince the readers to agree with the writer, by using emotions, personal ideas, etc. In other words, an argumentative essay is based on logic and reasons while a persuasive essay is based on emotions and personal opinions.

Which type of argument structure is best when emotional and psychological arguments dominate?

It’s best to use a Rogerian argument in psychological and emotional arguments, where pathos and ethos rather than logos and strict logic predominate.

What are some rhetorical methods you may use to explore and outline your topic?

  • Introductory sentence. This is where you can spark your audience’s interest in the topic. …
  • Linking sentence. Here, you narrow in on your topic more specifically. …
  • Argument #1. …
  • Argument #2. …
  • Argument #3. …
  • Thesis statement.

What is the Toulmin model of argumentation?

Toulmin, the Toulmin method is a style of argumentation that breaks arguments down into six component parts: claim, grounds, warrant, qualifier, rebuttal, and backing. … It is, in other words, the main argument. The grounds of an argument are the evidence and facts that help support the claim.

What is a common ground argument?

Updated March 06, 2019. In rhetoric and communication, common ground is a basis of mutual interest or agreement that’s found or established in the course of an argument. Finding common ground is an essential aspect of conflict resolution and a key to ending disputes peacefully.

How can Toulmin strategies be useful in an argument?

Toulmin’s rhetorical strategy is useful in that it makes the claim explicit, clearly illustrating the relationship between the claim and the data, and allows the listener to follow the speaker’s reasoning.

What is a rhetorical analysis paragraph?

A rhetorical analysis is an essay that breaks a work of non-fiction into parts and then explains how the parts work together to create a certain effect—whether to persuade, entertain or inform. … When writing a rhetorical analysis, you are NOT saying whether or not you agree with the argument.

What are the two main features of academic argument?

Precise focus of your research stated as a hypothesis, question, aim, or objective. Method and methodology. Results/evidence. Discussion and conclusion (including implications for future research)

What are the 3 types of arguments?

  • Type 1: Deductive Arguments.
  • Type 2: Inductive Arguments.
  • Type 3: Toulmin Argument.
  • Type 4: Rogerian Argument.