What are the theories of growth and development

They are psychosocial, psychosexual, moral, cognitive and spiritual. They all usually progress together in the process of maturation and learning. Knowledge of growth and development is important to the nurse to observe the sequence of developmental behavior of each child and also helps to plan better care to the baby.

What are the four theories of human development and explain each theory?

One of the four major theories which talk about the human development are: 1- Freud’s Theory of Psychosexual Development 2- Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development 3- Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development OR the Cognitive Theory 4– Lawrence Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development Freud’s Theory of Psychosexual …

What are the 7 theories of development?

  • Background.
  • Psychosexual Theory.
  • Psychosocial Theory.
  • Behavioral Theories.
  • Cognitive Theory.
  • Attachment Theory.
  • Social Learning Theory.
  • Sociocultural Theory.

What are the six theories of human development?

Some of the most famous and well-studied stage theories in the world include; Psychosexual stage theory (Sigmund Freud), Ecological systems theory (Urie Bronfenbrenner), Cognitive developmental stage theory (Jean Piaget), Psychosocial stage theory (Erik Erikson), and the Moral understanding stage theory (Lawrence …

What are the 5 theories of development?

  • Erikson’s Psychosocial Developmental Theory.
  • Bowlby’s Attachment Theory.
  • Freud’s Psychosexual Developmental Theory.
  • Bandura’s Social Learning Theory.
  • Piaget’s Cognitive Developmental Theory.
  • Which Theory of Child Development is Right?

What is the difference between Erikson and Piaget's stage theories?

The key difference between Piaget and Erikson is that Erikson created an understanding of development throughout the whole life, while Piaget focused just from infancy to the late teenage years. … While Piaget focused on cognitive development, Erikson’s thoughts were more focused on emotional development.

What was Erik Erikson theory?

Erikson maintained that personality develops in a predetermined order through eight stages of psychosocial development, from infancy to adulthood. … According to the theory, successful completion of each stage results in a healthy personality and the acquisition of basic virtues.

Why is Erik Erikson Theory important?

Support. One of the strengths of psychosocial theory is that it provides a broad framework from which to view development throughout the entire lifespan. It also allows us to emphasize the social nature of human beings and the important influence that social relationships have on development.

What are the 3 main cognitive theories?

There are three important cognitive theories. The three cognitive theories are Piaget’s developmental theory, Lev Vygotsky’s social cultural cognitive theory, and the information process theory. Piaget believed that children go through four stages of cognitive development in order to be able to understand the world.

What is meant by theories of development?

Development theory is a collection of theories about how desirable change in society is best achieved. Such theories draw on a variety of social science disciplines and approaches. … Depending on which theory that is being looked at, there are different explanations to the process of development and their inequalities.

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Which theories are common to both Freud and Erikson?

Both Erikson and Freud agreed that human development occurs in distinct stages. They chose similar ages that mark these stages of development. This makes it easy to compare each theorist’s stages of development to one another. Both theorists also recognized unconscious factors in development.

What is Sigmund Freud known for?

Freud is famous for inventing and developing the technique of psychoanalysis; for articulating the psychoanalytic theory of motivation, mental illness, and the structure of the subconscious; and for influencing scientific and popular conceptions of human nature by positing that both normal and abnormal thought and …

What are the 8 stages of human development?

  • Stage 1 — Infancy: Trust vs. …
  • Stage 2 — Toddlerhood: Autonomy vs. …
  • Stage 3 — Preschool Years: Initiative vs. …
  • Stage 4 — Early School Years: Industry vs. …
  • Stage 5 — Adolescence: Identity vs. …
  • Stage 6 — Young Adulthood: Intimacy vs. …
  • Stage 7 — Middle Adulthood: Generativity vs.

What is Vygotsky's theory?

Vygotsky’s theory revolves around the idea that social interaction is central to learning. This means the assumption must be made that all societies are the same, which is incorrect. Vygotsky emphasized the concept of instructional scaffolding, which allows the learned to build connections based on social interactions.

What is the difference between Piaget and Vygotsky theory?

The fundamental difference between Piaget and Vygotsky is that Piaget believed in the constructivist approach of children, or in other words, how the child interacts with the environment, whereas Vygotsky stated that learning is taught through socially and culturally.

How are Piaget and Vygotsky's theories similar?

While Piaget’s theory suggests that after cognitive development, learning occur, Vygotsky’s theory claims that learning can lead development and sometimes after development learning occurs. Another similarity between the theories of Piaget and Vygotsky is the acquisition of speech.

What are Piaget's 4 stages of cognitive development?

Sensorimotor stage: birth to 2 years. Preoperational stage: ages 2 to 7. Concrete operational stage: ages 7 to 11. Formal operational stage: ages 12 and up.

What is Piaget's constructivist theory?

Piaget’s theory of constructivism argues that people produce knowledge and form meaning based upon their experiences. Piaget’s theory covered learning theories, teaching methods, and education reform. … Assimilating causes an individual to incorporate new experiences into the old experiences.

What theory did Piaget and Bruner influence?

Bruner’s constructivist theory is a general framework for instruction based upon the study of cognition. Much of the theory is linked to child development research (especially Piaget ).

How did Erikson differ from Freud?

Freud’s psychosexual theory emphasizes the importance of basic needs and biological forces, while Erikson’s psychosocial theory is based upon social and environmental factors. … Erikson also expands his theory into adulthood, while Freud’s theory ends at an earlier period.

How is Erik Eriksons theory used today?

Erikson’s theory is still relevant today as it was when it was first developed over seven decades ago. In fact, the theory is even more relevant today, given the increasing pressures on family life and relationships, as well as the quest for personal development and fulfillment in life.

Why did Erikson develop his theory?

After meeting Anna Freud while working in Vienna, Erikson decided to pursue the field of psychoanalysis. … Erikson married Joan Serson, a dancer and artist, in 1930, who helped him to develop his psychosocial development theory. Erikson, his wife, and young son fled the Nazi uprising for the Unites States in 1933.

Which theory of human development do you consider more valid Erikson's and Freud's?

Both stressed the importance of social experiences and recognized the role that childhood plays in shaping adult personality. Unlike Freud’s psychosexual approach, Erikson’s psychosocial stage theory took a more expansive view of development, encompassing childhood, adolescence, and adulthood.

What is the main difference between Sigmund Freud and the neo Freudians?

What is the main difference between Sigmund Freud and the neo-Freudians? Neo-Freudians reduced the emphasis on sex. Neo-Freudians theorized about personality while Sigmund Freud did not. Sigmund Freud did not emphasize childhood sexuality while the neo-Freudians did.

What are the four main theories of adolescent?

They are the lifespan perspective, the learning perspective, the humanistic perspective, the ecological perspective, the sociocultural perspective, and the positive youth development perspective.

What are Freud's main theories?

He also proposed that personality was made up of three key elements, the id, the ego, and the superego. Some other important Freudian theories include his concepts of life and death instincts, the theory of psychosexual development, and the mechanisms of defense.

What is Sigmund Freud psychosexual theory?

An Overview of the Psychosexual Stages Freud believed that personality developed through a series of childhood stages in which the pleasure-seeking energies of the id become focused on certain erogenous areas. … The psychosexual energy, or libido, was described as the driving force behind behavior.

What is Freud's personality theory?

According to Sigmund Freud, human personality is complex and has more than a single component. In his famous psychoanalytic theory, Freud states that personality is composed of three elements known as the id, the ego, and the superego. These elements work together to create complex human behaviors.

What are the four stages of growth and development?

In these lessons, students become familiar with the four key periods of growth and human development: infancy (birth to 2 years old), early childhood (3 to 8 years old), middle childhood (9 to 11 years old), and adolescence (12 to 18 years old).

What are the 10 stages of human development?

  • Prenatal Development. …
  • Infancy and Toddlerhood. …
  • Early Childhood. …
  • Middle Childhood. …
  • Adolescence. …
  • Early Adulthood. …
  • Middle Adulthood. …
  • Death and Dying.