What did Berry Gordy do

Berry Gordy, also called Berry Gordy, Jr., (born November 28, 1929, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.), American businessman, founder of the Motown Record Corporation

How did Berry Gordy create Motown?

Industry Success. Gordy directed his artists to create what became known as the Motown sound, which featured repeating choruses and a mix of gospel, R&B and pop that combined to form memorable melodies. With regular quality control meetings, Gordy made sure that Motown’s releases were ready to impress listeners.

Who built Motown?

A company that was started with a loan of $800 went on to help shape the sound of the 20th century. We could only be talking about Motown Records, founded on January 12, 1959 by Berry Gordy Jr, who was born in the city he helped make synonymous with soulfulness, Detroit, on November 28, 1929.

What was Berry Gordy's Motown contribution?

Gordy wrote or co-wrote 240 of the approximately 15,000 songs in Motown’s Jobete music catalogue. However, the true test of the label’s worth would come a few years later, when Polygram paid over $330 million (Diana Ross was given shares in this version of the label) for the Motown catalog.

Why is Motown important?

Motown Records is an American record label owned by the Universal Music Group. … Motown played an important role in the racial integration of popular music as an African American-owned label that achieved crossover success.

How did the contributions of Berry Gordy, Jr and Motown influence the history and development of popular music in the twentieth century?

and Motown influence the history and development of popular music in the twentieth century? Gordy and Motown represented not only a new and distinctive sound, but influenced the attitude and dress of the period, additionally producing some of the most notable popular artists of the century.

How did Motown help the civil rights movement?

It was wildly popular. Though the songs were not overtly political, Motown’s popularity contributed to the Civil Rights Movement by achieving crossover success. Thanks to its popularity, African-American songs and faces entered the homes of every American in the country, regardless of race.

Why is Motown important to black history?

Founded in 1959 by former auto-worker and songwriter Berry Gordy, Jr. in Detroit, Michigan, Motown Records would become the most successful black-owned record label in history. … Gordy initially refused to release it because of its political lyrics which focused on the civil rights movement and the Vietnam War.

What important civil rights activist supported Motown and Berry Gordy as a prosperous black entrepreneur even though Motown music was not political *?

The most prominent artist who struggled with wanting to speak out about political issues while Berry Gordy held a tight grip on his freedom was Marvin Gaye.

What was Motown's studio called?

“Hitsville U.S.A.” is the nickname given to Motown’s first headquarters and recording studio. The house which was formerly a photographers’ studio, is located at 2648 West Grand Boulevard in Detroit, Michigan, near the New Center area. Motown’s studio was purchased by Motown founder Berry Gordy in 1959.

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Is Motown a type of music?

Motown music is a pop music style associated with Motown Records. In 1959, Berry Gordy Jr founded Motown, originally named Tamla Records. The record label helped define the sound of soul music and popularized the genre in the 1960s.

Is Motown a R&B?

Overview. The sound, a sophisticated strain of R&B and pop, is known for its polished songwriting with “candid” vocal delivery. Musicians involved in the production of a Motown track constituted a mix of eclectic musical backgrounds, such as jazz and rhythm and blues.

Who played Berry Gordy in the temptations?

Obba Babatundé as Berry Gordy, Jr, founder of Motown Records. Erik Michael Tristan as a young Smokey Robinson, the lead singer of The Miracles and The Temptations’ primary songwriter and producer during the early 1960s.

What songs did Berry Gordy write for Jackie Wilson?

Famed for founding Motown Records and all that followed, Berry Gordy first achieved success as a songwriter via compositions like Jackie Wilson’s 1957 hit “Reet Petite,” which he co-wrote with his sister Gwen and friend Billy Davis, other hits written for Wilson including “Lonely Teardrops,” “To Be Loved” and “I’ll Be …

Why was Motown Records so successful?

A key element in Gordy’s strategy was to make his records appeal to EVERYONE, which is how and why he came up with the slogan – the Sound of Young America. While ‘the sound’ of Motown appeared to be simple, it was pop music of an incredibly sophisticated kind.

How did Motown changed America?

Motown: A Game-Changer For Black Americans Fifty years ago, when black musicians had a difficult time breaking into a music business that was divided by race, Motown changed everything. Catchy dance tunes blending R&B, gospel, swing and pop from Berry Gordy’s Detroit-based record company caught on nationwide.

What was the first Motown hit?

Fifty years ago today (May 16, 1964) the Motown Records label celebrated its first No. 1 single on the Billboard Hot 100 with Mary Wells’ “My Guy,” a song written and produced by Smokey Robinson.

How did Berry Gordy help the civil rights movement?

Although the founder of Motown, Berry Gordy, never had the intention of proclaiming a message of black independence and empowerment through his actions of establishing an independent record company, he accomplished one of the goals of the Civil Rights Movement: black economic independence.

Was Motown in the 60s?

Motown was founded in 1959 as Tamla Records, and it acquired the name Motown in April 1960 – the ideal time to launch a record company built on black music. In the early 60s, the music industry was rapidly expanding. African-American singers would soon reach a bigger audience than ever before.

How Motown influenced music today?

It was music loved by millions. … Another area of modern pop music that Motown helped spearhead: vocals groups. The record label fashioned the concept of pop/R&B boy and girl groups, with tentpole acts like The Temptations, Smokey Robinson and The Miracles, The Four Tops, the Supremes, Martha and the Vandellas.

What are the characteristics of Motown music?

  • A strong, steady four-beat drum tempo.
  • Frequent use of strings and horns.
  • Pop vocal stylings embellished with gospel-influenced chorals.
  • Complex chord changes and sophisticated melodies.

What was the nickname of Motown's first headquarters?

“Hitsville U.S.A.” is the nickname given to Motown’s first headquarters and recording studio. The house (formerly a photographers’ studio) is located at 2648 West Grand Boulevard in Detroit, Michigan, near the New Center area. The house was purchased by Motown founder Berry Gordy in 1959.

Which artist was known as the father of the blues?

Born in Florence, Alabama on November 16, 1873, William Christopher Handy became interested in music at an early age.

What was the purpose of quality control meetings at Motown?

The purpose of the meetings was to assess the previous week’s work: all of the music Motown artists and producers had recorded.

Which of the following was Motown's most successful song writing team?

1: Holland-Dozier-Holland It could be argued that Holland-Dozier-Holland are the most prolific songwriting and production team in pop music’s long history. Over the course of five years, from 1962 to 1967, the trio wrote, arranged and produced many of the compositions that helped to establish the Motown sound.

What was the greatest success of Motown?

The Supremes With 12 No. 1 Billboard hit singles, including “Where Did Our Love Go,” “Baby Love,” “You Can’t Hurry Love,” “You Keep Me Hangin’ On,” and “Stop! In the Name of Love,” The Supremes is considered Motown’s greatest commercial success.

Why is Motown so influential to American culture?

Sixty years on, Motown’s classic catalogue remains ubiquitous and influential: forming a blueprint for modern soul and pop successes, from girl groups to hit singer-songwriters; sampled on countless hip hop and dance anthems and covered by acts of every genre.

Is Motown African American?

Motown, in full Motown Record Corporation, also called Hitsville, recording company founded by Berry Gordy, Jr., in Detroit, Michigan, U.S., in January 1959 that became one of the most successful Black-owned businesses and one of the most influential independent record companies in American history.

Who was responsible for shaping the Nashville sound?

Chet Atkins, 77, Is Dead; Guitarist and Producer Was Architect of the ‘Nashville Sound’ – The New York Times.

Who wrote song dancing in the street?

Three men collaborated in writing “Dancing in the Street”: William (Mickey) Stevenson, who was the A. & R. director for Motown, the staff songwriter Ivy Jo Hunter, and Marvin Gaye.

Where Did Our Love Go original?

“Where Did Our Love Go” is a 1964 song recorded by American music group the Supremes for the Motown label. … It was also the first of five Supremes songs in a row to reach #1 (the others being “Baby Love”, “Come See About Me”, “Stop! In the Name of Love”, and “Back in My Arms Again”).