What did pioneers carry in their covered wagons

The pioneers would take with them as many supplies as possible. They took cornmeal, bacon, eggs, potatoes, rice, beans, yeast, dried fruit, crackers, dried meat, and a large barrel of water that was tied to the side of the wagon. If the pioneers could take a cow, they would.

What did pioneers carry in their wagon?

Families would also bring personal favorite foods, clothes, supplies, books and furniture, but had to be very mindful of weight. The recommended weight limit for the wagons was 2,000 pounds. Just the food for one family could weigh from 1,300 to 1,800 pounds leaving very little room anything else.

What was packed in a covered wagon?

A covered wagon measuring approximately ten and a half feet in length was often pulled by oxen. Food, clothing, tools, and other necessary items were stored within the covered wagon for a journey.

What did a typical family carry in their wagon?

Research suggests that a typical family of four carried 800 pounds of flour, 200 pounds of lard, 700 pounds of bacon, 200 pounds of beans, 100 pounds of fruit, 75 pounds of coffee and 25 pounds of salt. The wagon also had to carry a shovel and cooking utensils. … The wagon train would travel at around two miles an hour.

What load did a wagon carry?

The wagons were packed with food supplies, cooking equipment, water kegs, and other things needed for a long journey. These wagons could carry loads of up to 2,500 pounds, but the recommended maximum was 1,600 pounds.

What the pioneers ate?

Breads, potatoes, rice, and starchy foods put backbone into a meal and the hungry souls who ate it. The mainstays of a pioneer diet were simple fare like potatoes, beans and rice, hardtack (which is simply flour, water, 1 teaspoon each of salt and sugar, then baked), soda biscuits (flour, milk, one t.

What weapons did the pioneers use?

Each man took a rifle or shotgun and some added a pistol. A good hunting knife was essential. Farm implements such as a plow, shovel, scythe, rake, hoe; plus carpentry tools – saw, broad axe, mallet, plane.

How much did a covered wagon cost in the 1840s?

It was costly—as much as $1,000 for a family of four. That fee included a wagon at about $100. Usually four or six animals had to pull the wagon. Oxen were slower, but held up better than horses or mules.

When did wagon trains stop?

Wagon trains disappeared in the West by the late 19th century. Later, instead of wagon trains, people were able to travel by way of the transcontinental railroad, but those wagons had led the way! 1. Wagon trains were the main way to travel to the West in the 20th century.

What did they eat on wagon trains?

Those who operated freight wagon trains subsisted on coffee, bread, salt pork and beans or cornmeal. Delicacies included oysters, which were packed in tins in the early years and later shipped fresh, and alcoholic beverages such as French Champagne and claret.

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How many wagons were in the average wagon train?

Wagon Trains were composed of up to 200 wagons, though more common were trains of 30 or less wagons. Wagon Trains had large numbers of livestock accompany them. Upwards of 2,000 cattle and 10,000 sheep joined the pioneers in their westward trek.

What was life like in a covered wagon?

Dreary times, wet and muddy, and crowded in the tent, cold and wet and uncomfortable in the wagon no place for the poor children…” Sometimes Amelia Stewart Knight and her family had to sleep “in wet beds, with their wet clothes on, without supper.” Sick or well, Amelia had chores to do; and they were endless.

How much weight could a pioneer wagon carry?

Carriage & Cargo Most pioneer wagons couldn’t carry more than 2,500 pounds worth of supplies, so travelers had to be very selective in what they brought with them. People rarely rode in the covered wagons unless they were elderly, very young, or ill.

How big was a covered wagon that the pioneers used?

The wagons were surprisingly small, measuring only about four feet wide and eight or nine feet long. That means the entire wagon was narrower than a full-size bed and only a little bit longer. All of the family’s belongings had to be packed into the wagon, leaving no room for beds.

Why didn't most pioneers ride in their wagon?

People didn’t ride in the wagons often, because they didn’t want to wear out their animals. Instead they walked alongside them, getting just as dusty as the animals. The long journey was hard on both people and animals. It was even hard on the wagons, which usually had to be repaired several times during the trip.

What was the average size of a covered wagon?

Including its tongue, the average Conestoga wagon was 18 feet (5.4 m) long, 11 feet (3.3 m) high, and 4 feet (1.2 m) in width. It could carry up to 12,000 pounds (5,400 kg) of cargo. The seams in the body of the wagon were caulked with tar to protect them from leaking while crossing rivers.

What tools did the pioneers bring with them?

The basic tools required by every pioneer were a gun, ammunition, powder, fish hooks and line, traps, an ax, a spade and a hoe. With these tools, he and his neighbors could build, hunt, plant crops and gather food.

What supplies did the pioneers take with them?

Two hundred pounds of flour, thirty pounds of pilot bread, seventy-five pounds of bacon, ten pounds of rice, five pounds of coffee, two pounds of tea, twenty-five pounds of sugar, half a bushel of dried beans, one bushel of dried fruit, two pounds of saleratus, ten pounds of salt, half a bushel of corn meal; and it is …

What items did pioneers Bring on the Oregon Trail?

They took preserved foods such as hard tack, coffee, bacon, rice, beans, and flour. They also took a few basic cooking utensils such as a coffee pot, some buckets, and an iron skillet. The pioneers didn’t have room for a lot of fancy items. They only had room to pack two or three sets of tough clothing.

How did pioneers preserve bacon?

Bacon was also prepared like this. After being cured and smoked, it was cooked about half way, then packed in lard in airtight containers. According to Dr. Chase this worked on the same principle as canning, by excluding air from the meat.

Did pioneers eat rice?

Rice. An incredibly easy grain to store and cook, rice was popular among travelers on the trail. Pioneers could quickly whip up a large batch to feed their families, or they could take time to cook a more complex meal with meats, vegetables and spices found along the way.

Where did Pioneers sleep?

Some pioneers did sleep in their wagons. Some did camp on the ground—either in the open or sheltered under the wagon. But many used canvas tents. Despite the romantic depictions of the covered wagon in movies and on television, it would not have been very comfortable to travel in or sleep in the wagon.

How common were Indian attacks on wagon trains?

In fact, sustained attacks by Indians on wagon trains were rare and encounters between Indians and emigrants were, more often, peaceful and mutually advantageous. … In comparison, he estimates that more than 425 Indians were killed by emigrants during the same period.

How fast did wagon trains travel?

The covered wagon made 8 to 20 miles per day depending upon weather, roadway conditions and the health of the travelers. It could take up to six months or longer to reach their destination.

How much did a house cost in 1890?

A $10,000 house in 1890 would be worth almost the same in real dollars in 2010 but more than $350,000 in nominal dollars in 2010.

What was the average wage in 1860?

Laborers made about 10 cents an hour ($6 a week, or $300 per year) Privates in the Union army earned $11 a week, or $572 per year. Firemen earned 15 cents an hour ($9.00 a week, or $468 per year) Carpenters earned 14 cents an hour ($8.40 a week, or $436 per year)

What was life like on a wagon train?

The trail was rough, full of holes and rocks, so riding in a wagon was bumpy and uncomfortable. Most emigrants walked alongside instead, unless they were ill. Many settlers walked the full 2,000 miles of the trail. Wagon trains typically traveled 15 to 20 miles a day—less if they had to cross a mountain or a river.

What did the pioneers eat for dessert?

As for desserts — they were simple, but many and varied. There were apple dump- lings, rice and bread puddings, soft molasses cookies, sugar jumbles, and mincemeat, pumpkin, dried apple, or custard pies. On special occasions we might have lemon pie. It was not necessary to skimp on eggs or milk.

How did pioneers cook their food?

Much of the food was cooked over an open-hearth fireplace with a few utensils, perhaps made of wood or gourds, an iron skillet, a pot for boiling, an iron griddle, and a tea kettle. The early pioneers survived by eating meat, wild berries, and food they found in the forest.

How did pioneers cook beans?

The pioneers often ate beans for breakfast. They were relatively quick to make. People simply added them to a big pot with water. Although raw beans lasted for a long time, cooked beans spoiled quickly.

How far did the pioneers typically walk each day for 6 months?

Average distance covered in a day was usually fifteen miles, but on a good day twenty could be traveled.