What do we call judgments about people situations objects or ideas

We call these attitudes.

What term describes our liking of other people?

****What term do psychologists use to describe our liking of other people? Appeal (intrerpersonal attraction)

Which of the following is an example of a situational attribution?

In an external, or situational, attribution, people infer that a person’s behavior is due to situational factors. Example: Maria’s car breaks down on the freeway. … If she believes that the breakdown happened because her car is old, she is making an external attribution.

What technical term does social psychology use for judgments we make about the causes of the behavior of ourselves and others?

She has co-authored two books for the popular Dummies Series (as Shereen Jegtvig). In social psychology, attribution is the process of inferring the causes of events or behaviors.

What is the term for the process of developing our first knowledge about another person?

Impression Formation. The process of developing our first knowledge about another person.

What is Freud's term for the primitive biological side of personality?

Freud referred to that as the “Id”.

What term refers to helping behavior that is performed voluntarily?

a Altruism is defined as helping others for no personal benefit. Humanitarianism. means almost the same thing as altruism but is not the term social psychologists use. for the helping behavior that is performed voluntarily for the benefit of another. person, with no anticipation of reward.

What is unstable attribution?

Stable or unstable attribution refers to whether or not an event or characteristic remains stable over time. Specifically, unstable attribution refers to an event or attribution that changes over time.

What is distinctiveness attribution theory?

Definition. Distinctiveness, in attribution, refers to the extent to which a specific action engaged in by an individual is unusual or uncommon for that particular individual.

What is correspondence bias in social psychology?

The correspondence bias is the tendency to draw inferences about a person’s unique and enduring dispositions from behaviors that can be entirely explained by the situations in which they occur.

Article first time published on askingthelot.com/what-do-we-call-judgments-about-people-situations-objects-or-ideas/

What is social attribution?

Attributions are inferences that people make about the causes of events and behavior. People make attributions in order to understand their experiences. Attributions strongly influence the way people interact with others.

What is groupthink in social psychology?

groupthink, mode of thinking in which individual members of small cohesive groups tend to accept a viewpoint or conclusion that represents a perceived group consensus, whether or not the group members believe it to be valid, correct, or optimal.

What is external attribution?

External attributions are explanations that stress environmental or situational factors, such as task difficulty, social influences, and the physical characteristics of a particular environment (Ross 1977).

How do we describe a situation when a person holds two contradictory attitudes?

The term cognitive dissonance is used to describe the mental discomfort that results from holding two conflicting beliefs, values, or attitudes. People tend to seek consistency in their attitudes and perceptions, so this conflict causes feelings of unease or discomfort.

What is social Modelling?

1. A theory that stipulates that we learn to imitate others by observing their behavior and that we learn to behave in certain ways by watching others do what they do.

What is the Behaviourism theory?

Behaviorism or the behavioral learning theory is a popular concept that focuses on how students learn. … This learning theory states that behaviors are learned from the environment, and says that innate or inherited factors have very little influence on behavior. A common example of behaviorism is positive reinforcement.

What is social laziness?

Social loafing describes the tendency of individuals to put forth less effort when they are part of a group. Because all members of the group are pooling their effort to achieve a common goal, each member of the group contributes less than they would if they were individually responsible.

What is the meaning of prosocial behavior?

Prosocial behavior is defined as ‘voluntary behavior intended to benefit another‘ (Eisenberg et al., 2006). It is characterized by acts of kindness, compassion, and helping behaviors, which many consider to be one of the finest qualities of human nature.

What is an example of prosocial behavior?

Prosocial behavior occurs when people act to benefit others rather than themselves. Altruism, cooperation, and caregiving are a few examples of prosocial behavior. Prosocial behavior is a central part of morality.

What does superego mean in psychology?

The superego is the ethical component of the personality and provides the moral standards by which the ego operates. … The superego’s criticisms, prohibitions, and inhibitions form a person’s conscience, and its positive aspirations and ideals represent one’s idealized self-image, or “ego ideal.”

What is oral receptive?

The Oral receptive personality is preoccupied with eating/drinking and reduces tension through oral activity such as eating, drinking, smoking, biting nails. They are generally passive, needy and sensitive to rejection. They will easily ‘swallow’ other people’s ideas.

Which of the following terms is used by Sigmund Freud to describe unconscious strategies to reduce anxiety?

According to Freud, we all use ego defense mechanisms. Defense mechanisms are unconscious protective behaviors that work to reduce anxiety.

What is Heider's attribution theory?

Heider’s attribution theory is one of the first theories in social psychology to explain how people draw causal inferences for behavior. His basic thesis was that people attribute behavioral outcomes to dispositional (internal) causes or situational (external) causes.

What is situational attribution?

Situational Attribution The process of assigning the cause of behavior to some situation or event outside a person’s control rather than to some internal characteristic. When we try to explain our own behavior we tend to make external attributions, such as situational or environment features.

What is cognitive distinctiveness?

Cognitive-emotional distinctiveness (CED), the extent to which an individual separates emotions from an event in the cognitive representation of the event, was explored in four studies. … The fourth study revealed that low CED in emotionally intense negative events is associated with worse mental health.

What is an internal cause?

What do we mean by internal causes? These are things that we cannot see as they are internal to a person. Internal causes related to challenging behaviour are usually two types. These are: Pain and discomfort.

What is locus stability and controllability?

Locus refers to the location of a cause, either internal or external to the subject; stability describes whether the cause is permanent (stable) or temporary (unstable); and controllability reflects whether the cause can be regulated by the individual.

Is ability controllable or uncontrollable?

In classic attribution theory, ability is seen as an uncontrollable cause (e.g., Weiner et al., 1972). However, if students have a growth mindset, they will not see ability as uncontrollable even though they can attribute their failure to their ability.

What is framing in psych?

The framing effect is the cognitive bias wherein an individual’s choice from a set of options is influenced more by how the information is worded than by the information itself.

What is foresight bias?

This Article draws attention to foresight bias, which occurs when a decision-maker lets over-pessimism and an oversimplified view of the future influence the patentability determination. Foresight bias leads to a patent denial regardless of the invention’s technical merit.

What is perseverance bias?

Belief Perseverance bias occurs when a person has clear evidence against, they still hold on to their previous belief. Many people in the skeptic community are often frustrated when, after they have laid out so many sound arguments based on clear reasoning, they still can’t seem to change what someone believes.