What is a major criticism of both the stimulus and response based definitions of stress

What is a major criticism of both the stimulus- and response-based definitions of stress? … prolonged stress? The immune system is weakened. Which of the following is an example of the alarm reaction stage of the general adaptation. syndrome?

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Which demographic category reported the least amount of stress during 1983 and 2006 and 2009?

The unemployed reported more stress than did the employed in 1983 and 2006, but not in 2009; and the retired reported the lowest level of stress across employment categories in all three surveys.

Who said the intensity and chronicity human stress is governed largely by perceived control over the demands of one's life?

Albert Bandura (1997) stated that “the intensity and chronicity of human stress is governed largely by perceived control over the demands of one’s life” (p. 262). As cogently described in his statement, our reaction to potential stressors depends to a large extent on how much control we feel we have over such things.

Which of the following general statements about the relationship between stress and performance is true?

Which of the following statements about the relationship between stress and performance is true? As stress levels increase from low to moderate, performance also increases. … Moderate stress can enhance recall of educational material.

What is a demanding or threatening event called?

A demanding or threatening event is often called a “stressor”. Stressors are occasions and circumstances that happen to individuals. A few cases of stressors include: Real life changes. These progressions can be positive, for example, new marriage, an arranged pregnancy, promotion in your job or new house.

What do you study show about the relationship between stress and memory?

A 2010 study found that chronic stress reduces spatial memory: the memory that helps you recall locations and relate objects. Hence, your missing car keys. University of Iowa researchers recently found a connection between the stress hormone cortisol and short-term memory loss in older rats.

Is the kind of stress that exceeds the optimal level is no longer a positive?

But when stress exceeds this optimal level, it is no longer a positive force—it becomes excessive and debilitating, or what Selye termed distress (from the Latin dis = “bad”).

Which term refers to mental or behavioral efforts used to manage problems related to stress and cause the unpleasant feelings and emotions it produces?

Coping refers to mental and behavioral efforts that we use to deal with problems relating to stress, including its presumed cause and the unpleasant feelings and emotions it produces.

What do studies show about the relationship between stress and memory?

What do studies show about the relationship between stress and memory? Moderate stress can enhance both immediate and delayed recall of educational material.

How do stresses from work affect people's health and interpersonal relationships?

Stress can cause physical, emotional, and behavioral problems which can affect your health, energy, well-being, mental alertness, and personal and professional relationships. It can also cause defensiveness, lack of motivation, difficulty concentrating, accidents, reduced productivity, and interpersonal conflict.

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What is the true relationship between stress and performance?

When the level of stress becomes too high, performance decreases. There’s more: The shape of the curve varies based on the complexity and familiarity of the task. Different tasks require different levels of arousal for optimal performance, research has found.

What is stress management bring out the impact of stress on performance and satisfaction of employees?

Stress contributes to decreased organizational performance, decreased employee overall performance, high error rate and poor quality of work, high staff turnover, and absenteeism due to health problems such as anxiety, emotional disorder; work life imbalance; depression and other forms of ailments such as frequent …

Who defined stress as the response of the body to any demand whether it is caused by?

The word ‘stress’ is used in physics to refer to the interaction between a force and the resistance to counter that force, and it was Hans Selye who first incorporated this term into the medical lexicon to describe the “nonspecific response of the body to any demand “.

Is anger suppression or anger expression a more effective approach for coping with racism?

Is anger suppression or anger expression a more effective approach for coping with racism? Research clearly shows neither approach is effective. Research shows anger expression is more effective.

Which of the following is a negative effect of extended cortisol?

Which of the following is a negative effect of extended cortisol release caused by chronic or prolonged stress? The immune system is weakened.

Who defined stress as the response of the body to any demand whether it is caused by or results in pleasant or unpleasant conditions multiple choice question?

For example, the endocrinologist Hans Selye, a famous stress researcher, once defined stress as the “response of the body to any demand, whether it is caused by, or results in, pleasant or unpleasant conditions” (Selye, 1976, p. 74).

Who defined stress as the response of the body to any demand quizlet?

Hans Selye, one of the foremost authorities on stress, defined stress as the “nonspecific response of the body to any demand made upon it.” Nonspecific means that the body reacts the same way regardless of the cause.

What are the two main options during the primary appraisal of stress?

Primary appraisal involves determining whether the stressor poses a threat. Secondary appraisal involves the individual’s evaluation of the resources or coping strategies at his or her disposal for addressing any perceived threats.

Can a stressor be classified as both a distress and an eustress?

fact, Hans Selye introduced the concept of stress having two categories: distress and eustress. Distress is stress that negatively affects you and eustress is stress that has a positive effect on you. Eustress is what energizes us and motivates us to make a change.

Which type of stress provides the outlet to express our talent and energies and helps us to pursue happiness?

Eustress = Good Stress = Health Benefits. According to Selye, eustress actually has emotional and physical health benefits.

Which level of the stress spectrum is responsible for peak performance?

4 As the stress level increases from low to moderate, so does performance (eustress). At the optimal level (the peak of the curve), performance has reached its peak.

What do study show about the relationship between stress and memory quizlet?

What do studies show about the relationship between stress and memory? … Moderate stress can enhance both immediate and delayed recall of educational material.

Does stress cause confusion and forgetfulness?

Stress, anxiety or depression can cause forgetfulness, confusion, difficulty concentrating and other problems that disrupt daily activities.

What are the effects of stressors on working memory quizlet?

Stress can reduce the effectiveness of working memory by reducing its capacity.

Why is stress bad for your memory?

Chronic Stress and Memory Research has shown that high levels of stress hormones over time can damage the hippocampus (it actually shrinks). This reduces its ability to encode and form memories. Additionally, during times of stress, the amygdala will inhibit the activity of the prefrontal cortex.

Which of the following is an example of stimulus based definition of stress?

Which of the following is an example of a stimulus-based definition of stress? Caroline experiences stress because she is home alone and hears unusual noises outside. … Grace experiences stress when she sees the coyote, but Mary thinks the coyote is a dog so she does not experience stress.

Which of the following is the most frequent cause of stress seen among college students?

Academic demands and test anxiety Concerns about academic performance are one of the most common trigger points of stress for college students.

What is a demanding or threatening event called?

A demanding or threatening event is often called a “stressor”. Stressors are occasions and circumstances that happen to individuals. A few cases of stressors include: Real life changes. These progressions can be positive, for example, new marriage, an arranged pregnancy, promotion in your job or new house.

During which types of stressful situations do you feel that problem focused coping strategies would be most helpful?

Problem focused approached will not work in any situation where it is beyond the individual’s control to remove the source of stress. They work best when the person can control the source of stress (e.g. exams, work based stressors etc.).

Who said the intensity and chronicity of human stress is governed largely by perceived control over the demands of one's life?

Albert Bandura (1997) stated that “the intensity and chronicity of human stress is governed largely by perceived control over the demands of one’s life” (p. 262). As cogently described in his statement, our reaction to potential stressors depends to a large extent on how much control we feel we have over such things.

What are the negative effects of stress in the workplace positive effects?

Healthier employees operating under manageable levels of stress will be happier and more positive, helping to maintain a strong, healthy workplace culture that’s conducive to creativity and productivity. Less sick days: Stress is one of the leading causes of absenteeism in the workplace.