What is Bunya pine used for

bunya pine, (Araucaria bidwillii), also called bunya bunya, large evergreen conifer of the family Araucariaceae, native to humid areas in southeastern Queensland, Australia. The saplings are sold as houseplants in many areas, and the cream-coloured wood is used for veneers, plywood, and boxes.

What is Bunya pine timber used for?

Bunyas also produce highly valued timber, which is used for musical instruments. It is particularly valued as “tonewood” for producing stringed instruments’ sound boards. Saw logs for Bunyas come from plantations only, as they are protected in their national park wild habitat.

Can you eat Bunya pine?

Bunyas are best eaten fresh. However, when you have found a lot of bunyas you can freeze the nuts in their shells. You need to prevent the nuts from sprouting if you want to eat them. If you keep intact cones, the nuts tend to sprout inside the cones so break them up and put the nuts in the fridge.

Is Bunya pine a hardwood?

General purpose softwood used in plywood, interior joinery, linings, mouldings, furniture and general, interior construction.

What does Bunya pine taste like?

The nuts are safe to eat raw but are much tastier cooked. They have a unique flavour and texture, similar to white sweet potato or chestnut.

Where does the Bunya pine come from?

bunya pine, (Araucaria bidwillii), also called bunya bunya, large evergreen conifer of the family Araucariaceae, native to humid areas in southeastern Queensland, Australia.

What does a Bunya pine tree look like?

Mature bunya pine trees grow to 150 feet (45 m.) tall with straight, thick trunks and distinctive, symmetrical, dome-shaped crowns. The leaves are lance-shaped and the cones grow to the size of large coconuts.

Are Bunya nuts good for you?

Kicking things off at number 10, the Bunya Bunya Nut closely resembles a Chestnut’s exceptional nutritional value as well as it’s physicality – starchy, not oily, and waxy when boiled in their shell. They are consumed raw, roasted, sliced or pureed and commonly used in spreads or milled to a (gluten-free) flour.

How long do Bunya pines live?

Bunya pines typically have a bumper crop every two or three years.” The trees can grow up to 35-45 metres high and live for about 600 years.

Why is hoop pine a good wood?

Hoop pine is a straight grained wood, evenly textured and very fine. … Hoop pine glues well and can be painted, stained and polished easily. It machines and turns well, but is not suitable for steam bending. It can be used with standard fittings and fastenings.

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How do you cook Bunya pine?

Cooking with Bunya Nuts Use a strong short blade knife or Stanly knife and slice down the length of the nut. The softened shell will peel away from the nut. Slice the nut in half and discard the centre pith which can have a bitter after taste. Place the nuts in boiling water and simmer for 10 minutes.

How do you eat Bunya?

When boiled in their shell for 20-30 minutes the texture becomes waxy and can be easily sliced or pureed. The nuts (seeds) can be eaten raw when fresh, but it is a lot easier to boil the seed pods to extract the nut. The nuts can then be roasted, sliced or pureed and used in desserts and savory dishes and spreads.

What does Bunya mean in Aboriginal?

bunya bunyanoun. nut tasting like roasted chestnuts; a staple food of Australian aborigines.

How were Bunya nuts used?

Facts about bunya nuts The nuts were an important food source for Aboriginal people in Queensland and northern New South Wales. “We’d either roast them on a fire, grind into a paste or flour, cooked up into little cakes, or eat them raw, boiled, or roasted in coals.”

How do you roast Bunya nuts in the oven?

There are two main ways to cook the nuts – you can boil them in salted water for half an hour, or roast them in a 200 C oven for half an hour. We did half the nuts each way just to experiment. After cooking, you crack open the shells and remove the soft insides – again, a lot like removing the meat from a chestnut.

What time of year do Bunya nuts fall?

Once every three years between December and March a bumper harvest of nuts is produced. It was during this time that the Bunya Gatherings occurred, with invited Aboriginal groups travelling from all over Southeast Queensland.

What's the difference between a Bunya pine and a hoop pine?

This was corrected by in the Autumn 2020 issue, where it was pointed out that the Hoop Pine (Araucasia cunninghamii) has much smaller leaves than the Bunya Pine (Araucasia bidwillii). These two types of native pine can also be readily distinguished even from a distance by differences in shape and form.

How old is the oldest Bunya pine?

One such area, the Bunya Mountains, is the remains of an old shield volcano – about 30 million years old, with peaks rising to more than 1,100 metres. The Bunya pines grow in fertile basalt soils in this cool and moist mountain environment.

How long do Bunya pines take to grow?

When the tap root gets to the required depth, or the bottom of the container it will produce a tuber. The plant will then stay in this state until the best conditions for growth are met. This could be a couple of months or up to 18 months.

What pine trees are native to Australia?

Australian Native Plants – ConiferCallitris columellaris (White Cypress-pine)Height 4-12 m (rarely to 20 m) highAgathis robusta (Queensland Kauri)Height to 30-50 mAraucaria bidwillii (Bunya Pine)Height to 50mAraucaria cunninghamia (Hoop Pine)Height to 60m

What can Bush tucker be used for?

Bush Tucker Spices and Nectars: The native bushland of Australia boasts an array of exotic spices, herbs, honeys and nectars. These bush tucker items can be used to add flavour to one of the aforementioned food groups, act as a natural medicine or be added to water to make a healthy drink or herbal tea.

How big is a Bunya nut?

The hard-shelled nuts, about 5 cm long are edible and choice. The bunya was extremely important to the native peoples within its range, and they considered it a sacred tree.

What are the disadvantages of hoop pine?

Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable; poor insect resistance. Also susceptible to fungal staining. Workability: Clear sections of wood are easy to work with hand and machine tools.

Why is hoop pine commonly used in Queensland?

Hoop pine is a native species and a well-established commercial plantation tree in Queensland that produces a premium grade, quality tropical softwood. It is valued for uniform, knot-free timber with exceptional quality, and used for many commercially important wood products.

Is hoop pine good for furniture?

Its ease of use makes it a viable choice for a range of manufacturing purposes, such as musical instruments, paint brushes and furniture. Gluing, painting, staining and polishing Hoop Pine is a simple process and it is conducive to machining and turning. It is also compatible with fittings and fastenings.

Where can I find Bunya nuts?

The Bunya Nut (Araucaria bidwillii) is native to south-eastern Queensland especially the Bunya Mountains National Park. The bunya nut tree is a huge tree which bears a crop only after the tree itself is around 100 years old, and then it crops once every 2 or 3 years only.

How long do I boil Bunya nuts?

The traditional “whitefella” way to cook bunya nuts is to boil them for 30 minutes in their shells, in salted water, having first cut or slit the shell, so it won’t explode. Some would add salt to the water – and boiling them with bacon bones is a particularly delicious alternative.

What is the Bunya feast?

The Bunya Festival was traditionally a large gathering among many Aboriginal people who would travel hundreds of kilometers on foot. The event was held in the Bunya Mountains during the harvest of the Bunya Nut.

How were the Bunya Mountains formed?

The Bunya Mountains were formed about 30 million years ago and are thought to be the remains of an old shield volcano. The lava flows cooled and hardened into basalt, and over millions of years the rock has eroded and weathered to form deep, nutrient-rich, red-brown and black soils.