What is considered blunt force trauma

Blunt trauma, also called non-penetrating trauma or blunt force trauma, is an injury to the body caused by forceful impact, injury, or physical attack with a dull object or surface. It is in contrast to penetrating trauma, in which an object or surface pierces the body, causing an open wound.

What does blunt force trauma feel like?

Blunt force trauma can often lead to bruising and blood clots. Bruising occurs when the blood vessels on the surface of the soft tissue of skin are broken, typically resulting in a temporary discoloration of the skin.

Which organ is most likely to be injured by blunt trauma?

Blunt abdominal trauma usually results from motor vehicle collisions (MVCs), assaults, recreational accidents, or falls. The most commonly injured organs are the spleen, liver, retroperitoneum, small bowel, kidneys (see the image below), bladder, colorectum, diaphragm, and pancreas.

What are examples of blunt force and sharp force injuries?

Examples include embalming artifacts, lacerations (blunt force trauma), and decapitation injuries from sudden deceleration. A laceration (from blunt force trauma) of the neck mimicking a sharp force injury.

Can you survive blunt force trauma to the head?

A blunt force head trauma is a severe injury to the head. The main concern with this type of injury is that it could cause a traumatic brain injury (TBI). This is an extremely serious injury that can cause life-long health issues and even death. Head injuries require significant monitoring by medical professionals.

What is blunt chest trauma?

Blunt chest trauma is usually caused by motor vehicle accident, falling from height, blunt instrument injury and physical assault. As a result of chest trauma, many injuries may occur, such as pulmonary injuries, and these require urgent intervention.

How long does blunt force trauma last?

For a mild strain, you may be able to return to normal activities within three to six weeks with basic home care. For more severe strains, recovery can take several months. In severe cases, surgical repair and physical therapy may be necessary. With proper treatment, most people recover completely.

Which structure when injured causes the most rapid death?

Blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States, particularly because it can be very difficult to recognize clear symptoms early. In blunt force abdominal trauma, the spleen and liver are the most commonly injured organs, with a mortality rate of roughly 8.5%.

How do you assess blunt trauma?

  1. Chest x-ray (initial test for all blunt chest trauma patients)
  2. Ultrasound (extended FAST)
  3. Echocardiography and ECG.
  4. Others. CT. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) Bronchoscopy. Angiography.
Why do patients of full thickness burns generally not complain of pain?

It’s common to find all three types of burns within the same wound. Unlike other burns, which are very painful, a full-thickness burn may not hurt when touched. This is because the nerve endings responsible for sensation are destroyed. The burned area can appear waxy and white, gray and leathery, or charred and black.

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How does blunt trauma affect the brain?

The long-term effects caused by traumatic brain injury may include speech and language problems, chronic headaches, changes or loss of vision, taste or smell and coma. The damage can be worsened by internal bleeding of the brain.

Is a contusion serious?

A contusion can be minor or severe, and may result in heavy swelling or significant swelling. Generally, contusion is considered a more serious injury compared to a concussion, because it involves structural damage to the brain’s blood vessels.

Can you get a blood clot from blunt force trauma?

When a blood vessel is damaged due to broken bones, blunt force trauma, severe bruises or significant muscle injuries, the blood around the vessel can become sticky and form a clot. These clots do not necessarily show up immediately, but may occur several days or weeks later.

Can blunt force trauma cause collapsed lung?

Pneumothorax may result when blunt force (such as a motor vehicle crash or fall) or a penetrating injury (such as a stab or gunshot wound) damages the lungs and/or airways. The damage allows air to leave the lung and collect between the lung and the wall of the chest.

Which type of trauma injury accounts for the most deaths?

  • 1,000,000 people with TBI per year in US:
  • 230,00 hospitalized.
  • 50,000 die (one third of all trauma deaths)
  • 80 to 90,000 with long term disability.

What is contusion of thorax?

A chest contusion is an injury to the chest that does not break the skin but leaves bruising or damage to local tissue and blood vessels. The chest, or thorax, is an area in front of the upper body that contains several vital organs, including the heart and lungs.

Which of the following organs is at most risk for injury as the result of a pelvic fracture?

In severe pelvic fractures (Abbreviated Injury Scale [AIS] > or =4), the incidence of associated intraabdominal injuries was 30.7%, and the most commonly injured organs were the bladder and urethra (14.6%).

What is a visceral wound?

Visceral injuries are injuries to all internal organs. Abdominal injuries are described more frequently than thoracic injuries.

Which degree burn is more painful?

All deep burns require treatment to prevent infection and scarring. Third-degree burns are the most serious type and can be life-threatening. However, first- and second-degree burns are more painful. If you or a loved one has a blistering burn, prompt medical attention can aid healing.

Can you feel 2nd degree burns?

Second-degree burns (partial thickness burns) affect the epidermis and the dermis (lower layer of skin). They cause pain, redness, swelling, and blistering. Third-degree burns (full thickness burns) go through the dermis and affect deeper tissues. They result in white or blackened, charred skin that may be numb.

Why is a third degree burn traumatic?

Third-degree burns involve damage or complete destruction of the skin to its full depth and damage to underlying tissues. People who experience such burns often require skin grafting. The swelling and blistering characteristic of burns are caused by the loss of fluid from damaged blood vessels.

What's the difference between a hematoma and a contusion?

A bruise, also known as a contusion, typically appears on the skin after trauma such as a blow to the body. It occurs when the small veins and capillaries under the skin break. A hematoma is a collection (or pooling) of blood outside the blood vessel.

What are the signs and symptoms of a contusion?

  • Discoloration of the skin.
  • Swelling.
  • Tightness in the affected muscle or stiffness in the affected joint.

What is more serious concussion or contusion?

A contusion is a bruise that can occur on your head but isn’t typically serious and tends to resolve within several days. A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury characterized by immediate alteration in brain function, including a change in mental status and level of consciousness.

Can a blood vessel burst in your leg?

Veins can burst for many reasons, but this usually occurs when a varicose vein is injured. Varicose veins are blue, ropy, bulging veins commonly found in the legs and feet. If the skin is not broken at the time of the trauma, there will be some bruising.

What causes bruising behind knee?

Knee contusions are the result of heavy impact to the knee, usually from a blow or fall that damages the soft tissues (such as the blood vessels) or bone. Following impact, blood spills into the tendons, tissue, and muscles in your knee. A knee contusion can also be accompanied by scrapes and skin tears.

What happens if you get hit hard in the chest?

A very forceful blow to the chest can injure the heart or blood vessels in the chest, the lungs, the airway, the liver, or the spleen. Pain may be caused by an injury to muscles, cartilage, or ribs. Deep breathing, coughing, or sneezing can increase your pain. Lying on the injured area also can cause pain.

How does it feel when a lung collapses?

Symptoms of collapsed lung include sharp, stabbing chest pain that worsens on breathing or with deep inhalation that often radiates to the shoulder and or back; and a dry, hacking cough. In severe cases a person may go into shock, which is a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical treatment.

Can you hurt your lungs by breathing too hard?

An intense blow to the chest or sudden impact can cause a bruised lung (pulmonary contusion). Pain and injury can range from minor to severe. If accompanied by shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, seek immediate medical attention.