What is Hume fracture

The Hume fracture is an injury of the elbow comprising a fracture of the olecranon with an associated anterior dislocation of the radial head which occurs in children.

What is a olecranon fracture?

An olecranon fracture is a break in the “pointy bone” of your elbow that sticks out when you bend your arm, which is actually the end of the ulna. This type of fracture is common and usually occurs in isolation (there are no other injuries) but can also be a part of a more complex elbow injury.

What is necessity fracture?

Galeazzi fractures are best treated with open reduction of the radius and the distal radio-ulnar joint. It has been called the “fracture of necessity,” because it necessitates open surgical treatment in the adult. Nonsurgical treatment results in persistent or recurrent dislocations of the distal ulna.

What is Lopresti injury?

Abstract. The Essex-Lopresti injury results from a high energy trauma to the upper extremity causing significant instability to the forearm joint. The radial head is fractured, the interosseous membrane is torn, and the distal radioulnar joint is disrupted.

Is monteggia a fracture?

A Monteggia fracture-dislocation refers to dislocation of the radial head (proximal radioulnar joint) with fracture of the ulna.

How painful is an olecranon fracture?

The olecranon is located under the skin of the elbow, without much protection from muscles or other soft tissues. It can break easily if you experience a direct blow to the elbow or fall on an outstretched arm. A fracture can be very painful and make elbow motion difficult or impossible.

How do you treat a olecranon fracture?

Some olecranon fractures can be treated by being casted or placed in a splint to hold the elbow in place while the bone heals. Surgery may be indicated if the elbow is displaced or if the fracture is open. Displaced fractures are treated operatively by internal fixation using wires, screws or plates.

What is Perilunate dislocation?

A perilunate dislocation is disruption of the normal relationship between the lunate and capitate. A lunate dislocation is separation of the lunate from both the capitate and the radius. Perilunate and lunate dislocations result when great force is applied to a hyperextended wrist.

What is the difference between Smith and Colles fracture?

Smith fractures do not extend to the wrist, hence they are extra-articular. These fractures are usually transverse. Smith fractures are rare and are most often seen in elderly women or young men. A Colles fracture is a broken wrist.

Why is it called chauffeur's fracture?

Chauffeur’s fractures, also known as backfire fracture or a Hutchinson fracture, is a type of fracture of the radial styloid process caused by a direct blow to the radial aspect of the wrist. The name originated from chauffeurs who got these injuries when the car back-fired while trying to hand-crank the car to start.

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What is the DRUJ?

Conditions. DRUJ stand for ‘Distal Radio-ulnar Joint‘ . The radius and ulna bones in the forearm form a closed loop with a proximal joint at the elbow and a distal joint at the wrist. The DRUJ is stabilised primarily by the strong ligaments surrounding it and secondarily by the congruency of the bony surfaces.

What is Bennett's fracture?

Bennett fracture is the most common fracture involving the base of the thumb. This fracture refers to an intraarticular fracture that separates the palmar ulnar aspect of the first metacarpal base from the remaining first metacarpal.

What is distal radioulnar?

Distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) is a pivot type synovial joint located between the radius and the ulna just proximal to the wrist joint and assists in pronation and supination of the forearm. The joint is critical to the working of the forearm as a mechanical unit.

What is GaleazZi and MonteggiA fracture Mnemonic?

Use “A to Z” to remember the location of the fracture-dislocation: ‘A’ is proximal (MonteggiA) – Radial head dislocation and proximal ulna fracture. ‘Z’ is distal (GaleazZi) – Distal radioulnar joint dislocation and distal radius fracture.

What is a Colles fracture?

A Colles fracture is a break in the radius close to the wrist. It was named for the surgeon who first described it. Typically, the break is located about an inch (2.5 centimeters) below where the bone joins the wrist.

What is Jefferson fracture?

A Jefferson fracture is a bone fracture of the vertebra C1. The vertebra C1 is a bony ring, with two wedge-shaped lateral masses, connected by relatively thin anterior and posterior arches and a transverse ligament. The lateral mass on vertebra C1, who is taller, is directed laterally.

Can olecranon fracture heal without surgery?

When you break your elbow, you actually fracture the olecranon. While some fractures can heal without surgery, you usually need medical care to realign your elbow structure and restore function to the joint. Dr.

Does olecranon fracture need surgery?

Surgical Treatment. Surgery is usually required for olecranon fractures in which: The bones have moved out of place (displaced fracture) Pieces of bone have punctured the skin (open fracture)

Where is the olecranon process?

this notch is called the olecranon process; it articulates behind the humerus in the olecranon fossa and may be felt as the point of the elbow.

How long is olecranon fracture surgery?

The procedure typically takes approximately one hour and can be performed on an outpatient basis. The surgical incision is centered on the back of the elbow.

How do you splint an olecranon fracture?

Nondisplaced olecranon fractures can be treated with an initial period of immobilization in a posterior slab long arm splint with the elbow in 45-90 degrees of flexion followed by early progressive active range of motion exercises with avoidance of active extension[2].

How long does fractured elbow take to heal?

At first, your elbow will feel stiff and painful, but it is important that you continue to move it as this will aid your recovery. It usually takes approximately 6 weeks for the fracture to fully heal.

What does dorsally displaced mean?

Dorsal displacement of the soft palate (DDSP) describes the condition where the soft palate displaces upwards to sit on top of the epiglottis (Figure 2). When this happens the soft palate ends up obstructing the opening to the trachea (larynx), and thereby reduces the amount of air that a horse can take in.

Which is the most famous fracture of the radius?

One of the most common distal radius fractures is a Colles fracture, in which the broken fragment of the radius tilts upward. This fracture was first described in 1814 by an Irish surgeon and anatomist, Abraham Colles — hence the name “Colles” fracture.

What is Madelung deformity?

Madelung’s deformity is a rare arm condition that affects the growth plate of the radius, a bone in the forearm. As a child grows, this abnormal growth results in a misalignment where the two long bones of the forearm (the radius and ulna) meet the bones of the wrist.

What is scaphoid fracture?

A scaphoid (navicular) fracture is a break in one of the small bones of the wrist. This type of fracture occurs most often after a fall onto an outstretched hand. Symptoms of a scaphoid fracture typically include pain and tenderness in the area just below the base of the thumb.

What is SLAC wrist?

Introduction. Scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) describes a characteristic degenerative clinical wrist condition of progressive instability, deformity, and arthritis affecting the radiocarpal and midcarpal joints of the wrist. [

How do you fix a Perilunate dislocation?

The treatment choices for perilunate and lunate dislocations are closed reduction and casting, open reduction-internal fixation-ligament repair, trapeziolunate external fixation, limited wrist arthrodesis and proximal row carpectomy.

How many types of Salter Harris fractures are there?

There are nine types of Salter–Harris fractures; types I to V as described by Robert B Salter and W Robert Harris in 1963, and the rarer types VI to IX which have been added subsequently: Type I – transverse fracture through the growth plate (also referred to as the “physis”): 6% incidence.

What is Humeroulnar joint?

The humeroulnar joint is formed between the humerus and ulna and allows flexion and extension of the arm. The humeroradial joint is formed between the radius and humerus and allows movements like flexion, extension, supination, and pronation.

What is darrach resection?

Darrach’s procedure or distal ulna resection is a surgical technique for the surgical removal of the head of ulna. It is performed in cases of radial–ulnar joint pain and instability. The styloid process and muscular attachments are left intact.