What is research Positionality

Positionality implies that the social-historical-political location of a researcher influences their orientations, i.e., that they are not separate from the social processes they study. Simply stated, there is no way we can escape the social world we live in to study it (Hammersley & Atkinson, 1995; Malterud, 2001).

What is the meaning of Positionality?

Positionality refers to the how differences in social position and power shape identities and access in society. … In acknowledging positionality, we also acknowledge intersecting social locations and complex power dynamics.

What is Positionality and intersectionality?

In contrast to intersectionality, positionality focuses not only on how our individual identities are constructed, but on how these identities shape the way we see the world in relation to those we interact with.

Why is Positionality important in research?

Positionality is an important consideration in action research because it not only directly influences how the research is carried out but also determines the prevailing outcomes and results—whose voice(s) will be represented in the final reports or decisions.

What is Positionality research example?

Some aspects of positionality are culturally ascribed or generally regarded as being fixed, for example, gender, race, skin-color, nationality. Others, such as political views, personal life-history, and experiences, are more fluid, subjective, and contextual (Chiseri-Strater, 1996).

What is Positionality theory?

Positionality theory, a concept that emerged from postmodern feminist theory, suggests that identity is fluid and dynamic and affected by historical and social changes.

How long is a Positionality statement?

It can be a very powerful experience to prepare a reflexivity (aka positionality) statement—one that tells your professional autobiography and how you came to be the researcher you are today. A longer statement, of approximately three to five pages, can give you space to really explore some of these issues.

What is the difference between Positionality and reflexivity?

Reflexivity generally refers to the examination of one’s own beliefs, judgments and practices during the research process and how these may have influenced the research. If positionality refers to what we know and believe then reflexivity is about what we do with this knowledge.

What is a statement of Positionality?

A positionality statement is a description of the author’s identity in society, especially as it relates to a particular project. (See dictionary.com’s definition of “positionality”, right.) … We also acknowledge that the same information could have different meaning for someone of a different identity.

What is Positionality and should it be expressed in quantitative studies?

What follows is that positionality does not undermine the truth of such research, instead it defines the boundaries within which the research was produced. ​ The absence of positionality when considered alongside the notion of bias, may challenge the quantitative idea of validity.

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What is an example of intersectionality?

Intersectionality identifies multiple factors of advantage and disadvantage. Examples of these factors include gender, caste, sex, race, class, sexuality, religion, disability, physical appearance, and height. These intersecting and overlapping social identities may be both empowering and oppressing.

How does your Positionality affect your epistemology?

Connecting positionality to epistemology simultaneously empowers and disempowers individual expertise in the classroom. Students are empowered because they recognize that they have unique claims to knowledge that others can not deny. … We come to know the world more fully by knowing how we know the world.

Who created Positionality?

The concept first came from legal scholar Kimberlé Crenshaw in 1989 and is largely used in critical theories, especially Feminist theory, when discussing systematic oppression.

What is Positionality in a dissertation?

Positionality: Positionality is an explicit statement by the researcher reflecting where and how they feel that they have affected their research so that the reader can make a more complete understanding of the truths therein ( Holmes, 2014 ).

What is Positionality anthropology?

Positionality. A concept that grew out of the “reflexive” trend in social/cultural anthropology in the 1980s and refers to how an anthropologist describes their own social position in relation to the people they are working with and describing.

What is triangulation in research?

Triangulation refers to the use of multiple methods or data sources in qualitative research to develop a comprehensive understanding of phenomena (Patton, 1999). Triangulation also has been viewed as a qualitative research strategy to test validity through the convergence of information from different sources.

What is Positionality in teaching?

Positionality is the idea that identity can change over time based on historical and social changes happening around the person (Kezar & Lester, 2010). Connelly and Clandinin (1990) discuss the importance of narrative and storytelling in education curriculum in order to develop one’s positionality.

How do you write self reflexivity in qualitative research?

Qualitative researchers can engage in reflexivity through (1) jotting notes about participants‘ comments and researcher’s thoughts during the interview, (2) memoing as soon as possible after an interview, and (3) developing and continually editing the researcher’s subjectivity statement.

What is reflexivity in research?

Reflexivity is about acknowledging your role in the research. As a qualitative researcher, you are part of the research process, and your prior experiences, assumptions and beliefs will influence the research process.

What is position and Positionality?

“Positionality is the notion that personal values, views, and location in time and space influence how one understands the world. In this context, gender, race, class, and other aspects of identities are indicators of social and spatial positions and are not fixed, given qualities.

What is Positionality social justice?

In Social Justice Theory, positionality is where you stand by virtue of your (intersecting, group) identity and its relationships to the alleged power dynamics that define socially constructed reality.

Why is Positionality important in social work?

Positionality refers to one’s social location and worldview, which influences how one responds to power differentials in various contexts (Warf, 2000). This construct is important for social work, as one’s positionality influences how one approaches work with clients, community engagement, and policy-making.

Is qualitative research?

Qualitative research is a process of naturalistic inquiry that seeks an in-depth understanding of social phenomena within their natural setting. It focuses on the “why” rather than the “what” of social phenomena and relies on the direct experiences of human beings as meaning-making agents in their every day lives.

Is Grounded Theory a methodology?

Grounded theory (GT) is a structured, yet flexible methodology. This methodology is appropriate when little is known about a phenomenon; the aim being to produce or construct an explanatory theory that uncovers a process inherent to the substantive area of inquiry.

Why is reflexivity important in qualitative research?

Reflexivity is essential in qualitative research because this field is heavily dependent upon information that participants provide. Since questionnaires, discussions, and interviews are all led by researchers, the information gathered during qualitative studies may be influenced by underlying beliefs.

What is thick description in qualitative research?

Thick description is a term used to characterize the process of paying attention to contextual detail in observing and interpreting social meaning when conducting qualitative research. … For Geertz, doing anthropology means doing ethnography, which in turn means doing thick description.

What is the main idea of intersectionality?

Intersectionality is the acknowledgement that everyone has their own unique experiences of discrimination and oppression and we must consider everything and anything that can marginalise people – gender, race, class, sexual orientation, physical ability, etc.

What exactly is intersectionality?

Intersectionality is a framework for conceptualizing a person, group of people, or social problem as affected by a number of discriminations and disadvantages. It takes into account people’s overlapping identities and experiences in order to understand the complexity of prejudices they face.

How do you promote intersectionality?

  1. Recognise individual identities. …
  2. Capture data to improve intersectionality. …
  3. Create a culture of acknowledgement and understanding. …
  4. Capture diversity of thought. …
  5. Help leaders to understand intersectionality. …
  6. Educate colleagues on intersectionality.

How is Positionality related to bias?

Positions act on the knowledge a person has about things, both material and abstract. Consequently, that knowledge is a product of your specific position or positionality that reflects particular places and spaces. … Bias is a prejudice in favor or against one thing, person or group compared with another.

What is cultural Positionality?

In cultural accounts of experience, positionality refers to both the fact of and the specific conditions of a given social situation.