What type of scale is the Beck Depression Inventory

The BDI-II is a 21-item self-report inventory designed to assess the presence and severity in depressive symptoms. Each item is rated on a 4-point Likert-type scale ranging from 0 to 3, based on the severity in the last two weeks.

What type of assessment is the Beck Depression Inventory?

Description of Measure: The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is a 21-item, self-report rating inventory that measures characteristic attitudes and symptoms of depression (Beck, et al., 1961).

Is the Beck Depression Inventory qualitative or quantitative?

Beck depression inventories (BDI-II) and Beck anxiety inventories (BAI) provided quantitative data and were administered before and three months after the intervention.

Is BDI a ratio or interval?

Most measurements of psychological attributes are not ratio scale measurements but are assumed to be interval scale attributes. For instance, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is scored on a 0 – 63 scale with higher scores representing higher levels of depression.

What type of assessment is the BDI-II?

The BDI-II is a widely used 21-item self-report inventory measuring the severity of depression in adolescents and adults. The BDI-II was revised in 1996 to be more consistent with DSMIV criteria for depression.

How do you score Beck Hopelessness Scale?

Summary of the Beck Hopelessness Scale Each optimistic response is scored as 0 and each pessimistic response is scored as 1. A total score is calculated by summing the pessimistic responses for each of the 20 items. The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) is a proprietary instrument.

Is there a depression Scale?

The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) was designed for use in the general population and is now used as a screener for depression in primary care settings. It includes 20 self-report items, scored on a 4-point scale, which measure major dimensions of depression experienced in the past week.

Is BDI ordinal?

As a result, cognitive symptoms of depression contribute disproportionately to the BDI score. Each item is composed of four first-person statements graded by the degree of depression severity it typically represents and rated on a 4-point ordinal scale (0 to 3).

Is a depression scale ordinal or interval?

Thus, variables such as intelligence, depression, happiness, sociability, and many others are usually treated as an interval scale variable. Ratio Scale The characteristic that distinguishes a ratio scale from the others is that zero on this scale means that there is a zero amount of the thing being measured.

What kind of variable is depression?

Psychological constructs such as intelligence, self-esteem, and depression are variables that are not directly observable because they represent behavioural tendencies or complex patterns of behaviour and internal processes.

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Is the Beck Depression Inventory copyright?

The BDI questionnaire is copyrighted by The Psychological Corporation. … The BDI was revised in 1971 and made copyright in 1978 (Groth-Marnat, 1990). Both the original and revised versions have been found to be highly correlated (. 94; Lightfoot & Oliver, 1985 cited in Groth-Marnat, 1990).

Is the Beck Depression Inventory valid?

This study demonstrated that the BDI-II is a valid, reliable and culturally relevant instrument for measuring depressive symptoms in FCCCD and has a two-factor structure consisting of somatic-affective and cognitive factors.

How do I cite the Beck Depression Inventory in APA 7?

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Manual for the Beck Depression Inventory–II. Psychological Corporation.

What assessments are used for depression?

Screening Tools A brief questionnaire such as the free, online Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) aids diagnosis and assesses severity of the depression. As a screening tool, the PHQ-9 can assist in diagnosis, and also serve as a symptom severity tracker to help assess the effectiveness of the treatment plan.

How do you reference Beck Anxiety Inventory?

References: The manual is: Beck, A.T., & Steer, R.A. (1993). Beck Anxiety Inventory Manual. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.

What test is used for depression?

The Zung Scale is a screening tool used to help assess the level of depression in people who are depressed. It is a 20-question test that provides a score range from 20 to 80. Most depressed people score between 50 and 69. A score above that indicates severe depression.

How does the depression scale work?

A depression rating scale is a psychiatric measuring instrument having descriptive words and phrases that indicate the severity of depression for a time period. When used, an observer may make judgements and rate a person at a specified scale level with respect to identified characteristics.

What are standardized rating scales?

Standardized rating scales are an important tool to improve the assessment of psychopathological symptoms in terms of validity and reliability. … Self-rating scales can give a meaningful complementary view to the findings of observer-rated scales.

What is the Hamilton rating scale used for?

The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD), also called the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), sometimes also abbreviated as HAM-D, is a multiple-item questionnaire used to provide an indication of depression, and as a guide to evaluate recovery.

What is Beck Hopelessness Scale?

The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) is a 20-item self-report inventory developed by Dr. Aaron T. Beck that was designed to measure three major aspects of hopelessness: feelings about the future, loss of motivation, and expectations. The test is designed for adults, age 17–80.

What is Beck Scale for Suicidal ideation?

The Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSI; Beck & Steer, 1991) is a 21-item self-report instrument for detecting and measuring the current intensity of the patients’ specific attitudes, behaviors, and plans to commit suicide during the past week.

Is the Beck Hopelessness Scale valid?

The hopelessness scale is valid, and differentiates depressive patients from control subjects. The scale has a good reliability (test-retest, r = . 81) and a good internal consistency (alpha = . 97) for depressive subjects and alpha = .

Is depression a categorical variable?

Anxiety and depression were treated first as continuous-level variables, then as categorical variables using standard published cut points.

What is interval scale?

An interval scale can be defined as a quantitative measurement scale where variables have an order, the difference between two variables is equal, and the presence of zero is arbitrary. It can be used to measure variables that exist along a common scale in equal intervals.

Is depression a continuous variable?

Depression as a continuum is best characterized by duration and severity dimensions, with the latter understood in terms of depressive inhibition. In the absence of some degree of cognitive, emotional, social, and physical inhibition, depression should not be diagnosed.

What level of measurement is the Geriatric Depression scale?

Scores of 0-4 are considered normal, depending on age, education, and complaints; 5-8 indicate mild depression; 9-11 indicate moderate depression; and 12-15 indicate severe depression.

What level of measurement are the individual items in the BDI?

Every question on the BDI is measured on a 0-3 scale, with a score of 0 reflecting no symptomatology and a score of 3 reflecting the most severe…

Is Likert scale ordinal or interval?

The Likert scale is widely used in social work research, and is commonly constructed with four to seven points. It is usually treated as an interval scale, but strictly speaking it is an ordinal scale, where arithmetic operations cannot be conducted.

Is depression a quantitative variable?

Other examples of quantitative variables include people’s level of talkativeness, how depressed they are, and the number of siblings they have.

Is depression a qualitative variable?

Interestingly, probably for the first time, it has been shown that depression has not only the qualitative but also the quantitative impact on subjective sleep parameters, even when the three groups were comparable with regards to confounding variables including age.

Is depression continuous or categorical?

In contrast, depression severity is a continuous variable.