What were Sparta and Athens

In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, oligarchy and democracy. … The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). Athens focused more on culture, while Sparta focused more on war.

Why were Athens and Sparta different?

The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering.

Who won Sparta or Athens?

Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes.

What is Athens and Sparta most known for?

Sparta was one of the most powerful city-states in Ancient Greece. It is famous for its powerful army as well as its battles with the city-state of Athens during the Peloponnesian War. Sparta was located in a valley on the banks of the Eurotas River in the south-eastern portion of Greece.

Was Sparta or Athens better?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers.

Who did the Spartans fight?

The year is 480. Three hundred Spartans, joined by a small force of Greeks, defend the mountain pass of Thermopylae against the invading Persians. If the 300 Spartans had stayed home and if Persians had won the Greco-Persian Wars, the Western concept of freedom most likely would not exist.

What did the Spartans do?

Sparta, also known as Lacedaemon, was an ancient Greek city-state located primarily in the present-day region of southern Greece called Laconia. … Spartan men devoted their lives to military service, and lived communally well into adulthood.

Did the Athenians beat the Spartans?

In the battle, the Athenians obliterated the Spartan fleet, and succeeded in re-establishing the financial basis of the Athenian Empire. Between 410 and 406, Athens won a continuous string of victories, and eventually recovered large portions of its empire. All of this was due, in no small part, to Alcibiades.

What did Sparta invent?

In 400 B.C., the Spartans invented a particularly clever early encryption tool for transmitting information between military leaders. This low-tech communication method gave Spartan generals the ability to send secure messages back and forth by wrapping a thin piece of leather or paper around a rod called a scytale.

How long did a war between Sparta and Athens once last?

The Great Peloponnesian War, also called the First Peloponnesian War, was the first major scuffle between them. It became a 15-year conflict between Athens and Sparta and their allies. Peace was decreed by the signing of the Thirty Years Treaty in 445 B.C., effective until 437 B.C., when the Peloponnesian War began.

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What caused the fall of Athens?

Three major causes of the rise and fall of Athens were its democracy, its leadership, and its arrogance. The democracy produced many great leaders, but unfortunately, also many bad leaders. Their arrogance was a result of great leadership in the Persian Wars, and it led to the end of Athenian power in Greece.

Why did the Spartans fall?

This decay occurred because Sparta’s population declined, change in values, and stubborn preservation of conservatism. Sparta ultimately surrendered its position as ancient Greece’s preeminent military power.

How old were Spartan soldiers trained?

How Ancient Sparta’s Harsh Military System Trained Boys Into Fierce Warriors. The Greek city-state imposed brutal training and contests that began at age 7.

How did Spartans treat their slaves?

The Spartans ruled over a group of people called the Helots. The Helots were treated like slaves by the Spartans. They farmed the land and performed other manual labor for the Spartans. … In order to keep control, the Spartans had secret police who kept track of the Helots and killed anyone who they thought might rebel.

Were Spartans good or bad?

bad! Sparta, as you probably know, was a militaristic society which promoted war as a way of life. Sparta’s main opponent was not the barbaric tribes of the north, nor the Persians to the east. It was the Greek city state, Athens.

Do Spartans still exist?

Spartans are still there. Sparta was just the capital of Lacedaemonia, hence the L on their shields, not an S but an L… … So yes, the Spartans or else the Lacedeamoneans are still there and they were into isolation for the most part of their history and opened up to the world just the last 50 years.

Who defeated Sparta?

Modern scholars estimate that Xerxes I crossed the Hellespont with approximately 360,000 soldiers and a navy of 700 to 800 ships, reaching Greece in 480 BCE. He defeated the Spartans at Thermopylae, conquered Attica, and sacked Athens.

Is the story of the 300 Spartans true?

In short, not as much as suggested. It is true there were only 300 Spartan soldiers at the battle of Thermopylae but they were not alone, as the Spartans had formed an alliance with other Greek states. It is thought that the number of ancient Greeks was closer to 7,000. The size of the Persian army is disputed.

How much of 300 is true?

Originally Answered: Was 300 movie real story? Good question, the movie 300 is based on the Battle of Thermopylae, holding off nearly 100,000 to 150, 000 Persians. The movie is about that victory of a few brave men holding their ground against a larger adversary. Yes, it’s a true story.

Who betrayed Sparta?

In the 1962 film The 300 Spartans, Ephialtes was portrayed by Kieron Moore and is depicted as a loner who worked on a goat farm near Thermopylae. He betrays the Spartans to the Persians out of greed for riches, and, it is implied, unrequited love for a Spartan girl named Ellas.

What is Athens known for?

Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.

What is Spartan education?

The agoge was the ancient Spartan education program, which trained male youths in the art of war. The word means “raising” in the sense of raising livestock from youth toward a specific purpose. … Spartan girls were not allowed to join but were educated at home by their mothers or trainers.

How were Athens and Sparta similar?

One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an assembly, whose members were elected by the people. … Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.

Who won the Greek war?

Though the outcome of battles seemed to tip in Persia’s favor (such as the famed battle at Thermopylae where a limited number of Spartans managed to wage an impressive stand against the Persians), the Greeks won the war. There are two factors that helped the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire.

How tall was the average Spartan?

The estimations point to around 1,70 m to around 1,78 m. That converts to 5 7′ to 5 10′ if you are from a country that uses feet. Originally Answered: how tall were the spartans? According to my history teacher, a soldier’s average height was around 170 cm (5’7″).

Why did Sparta declare war on Athens?

When Sparta declared war, it announced that it wanted to liberate Greece from Athenian oppression. And with some justification, because Athens had converted the Delian League, which had once been meant as a defensive alliance against the Persian Empire, into an Athenian empire.

Did Alexander conquer Sparta?

Battle of MegalopolisDate 331 BC Location Megalopolis37.4011°N 22.1422°ECoordinates:37.4011°N 22.1422°E Result Macedonian victoryBelligerentsMacedonSpartaCommanders and leaders

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

Sparta did not want to create a major rival and for this reason they left Athens to counter any Theban expansion in the region. Since the other members of the peloponnesian league wanted the end of Athens and Sparta objected, the Athenians would be forever in debt to them.

What plague killed the Athenians?

Typhus. In January 1999, the University of Maryland devoted their fifth annual medical conference, dedicated to notorious case histories, to the Plague of Athens. They concluded that the disease that killed the Greeks was typhus. “Epidemic typhus fever is the best explanation,” said Dr.

Who ruled the Athens?

Athens did not have a king, it was ruled by the people as a democracy. The people of Athens believed that no one group of people should make the laws and so citizens could choose the government officials, and vote for or against new laws. The people of Athens chose their ruler.

What happened to the Spartan empire?

Sparta went on to become a district of modern Greece. … Sparta’s supremacy was broken following the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC. It was never able to regain its military superiority and was finally absorbed by the Achaean League in the 2nd century BC.