Who influenced Wallaces thinking

Who else influenced Wallace’s thinking? 6 27:26 30:51 • Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace independently discovered the natural origin of species and formulated the theory of evolution by natural selection based on distinct sets of observations and facts. Darwin published On the Origin of Species in 1859.


How did Darwin influence Wallace?

After a variety of zoological discoveries, Wallace proposed a theory of evolution which matched the unpublished ideas Darwin had kept secret for nearly 20 years. … This encouraged Darwin to collect his scientific ideas and collaborate with Wallace. They published their scientific ideas jointly in 1858.

Which scholars influenced Darwin and Wallace?

  • Darwin was influenced by other early thinkers, including Lamarck, Lyell, and Malthus.
  • Darwin was also influenced by his knowledge of artificial selection.
  • Wallace’s paper on evolution confirmed Darwin’s ideas.

What was Alfred Wallace's motivation?

In 1847, Wallace proposed to his friend and fellow collector Henry Walter Bates that they travel to the Amazon. His principal motivation was to build a personal natural history collection. But Wallace was also well-read on scientific topics of the day.

Did Darwin steal Wallace's idea?

The answer I would give is that no, Darwin didn’t steal anything from Wallace. Their theories resembled each other very closely, but they weren’t quite identical. Darwin thought they were close enough, so that when he received this paper from this young fellow named Wallace, he just went into despair.

Who influenced Darwin's thinking?

Darwin was influenced by other early thinkers, including Lamarck, Lyell, and Malthus. He was also influenced by his knowledge of artificial selection. Wallace’s paper on evolution confirmed Darwin’s ideas. It also pushed him to publish his book, On the Origin of Species.

Who was first Darwin or Wallace?

Ask most folks who came up with the theory of evolution, and they’ll tell you it was Charles Darwin. In fact, Alfred Russel Wallace, another British naturalist, was a co-discoverer of the theory — though Darwin has gotten most of the credit. Wallace died 100 years ago this year.

Who was Alfred Russel Wallace and what was his contribution to the theory of evolution?

Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) was a man of many talents – an explorer, collector, naturalist, geographer, anthropologist and political commentator. Most famously, he had the revolutionary idea of evolution by natural selection entirely independently of Charles Darwin.

Who was greatly influenced by Darwin?

Thomas Malthus was arguably the person who was most influential to Darwin. Even though Malthus was not a scientist, he was an economist and understood populations and how they grow. Darwin was fascinated by the idea that the human population was growing faster than food production could sustain.

What did Darwin and Wallace discover?

Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace independently discovered the mechanism of natural selection for evolutionary change. However, they viewed the working of selection differently. For Darwin, selection was always focused on the benefit for the individual.

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Did Wallace publish before Darwin?

He had intended to write a much larger work than The Origin of Species, but was stimulated by Wallace’s letter into first publishing a short paper alongside Wallace’s in 1858, and then into writing the Origin. …

Did Darwin and Wallace use DNA evidence?

Darwin and Wallace used DNA evidence to support their ideas about evolution and how species are related.

Who is famous for popularizing the theory of evolution?

Charles Darwin. The founder of the modern theory of evolution was Charles Darwin. The son and grandson of physicians, he enrolled as a medical student at the University of Edinburgh. After two years, however, he left to study at the University of Cambridge and prepare to become a clergyman.

Who published his ideas on evolution just before Darwin?

In the early 19th century Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744–1829) proposed his theory of the transmutation of species, the first fully formed theory of evolution. In 1858 Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace published a new evolutionary theory, explained in detail in Darwin’s On the Origin of Species (1859).

How did Thomas Malthus influence Darwin?

Malthus’ work made Darwin realize the importance of overpopulation and how it was necessary to have variability in different populations. Darwin also used Malthus’ ideas to use competition as well as the survival in numbers idea to come up with his full idea of natural selection.

What did Darwin and Wallace disagree on?

Darwin argued that human evolution could be explained by natural selection, with sexual selection as a significant supplementary principle. Wallace always had doubts about sexual selection, and ultimately concluded that natural selection alone was insufficient to account for a set of uniquely human characteristics.

Why did Darwin worry about Wallace publishing his work?

Darwin is said to have avoided publishing because he was afraid of the reactions of his scientific colleagues, damaging his reputation, religious persecution, upsetting his religious wife or Captain Fitzroy, or disturbing the social order, or was put off by the reception of Vestiges of creation or torn by some inner …

Why did Darwin get the credit for evolutionary theory vs Wallace?

He jointly came up with the theory of evolution by natural selection, corresponded with the great and good of society, and was given the highest honour possible from a British monarch.

Did Wallace go to the Galapagos Islands?

The Galápagos Islands (Ecuador) are usually associated with the explorations and theoretical deductions of Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882), but Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) also investigated these islands and published several reports on the living world of this unique archipelago.

Who really discovered evolution?

Charles Darwin is commonly cited as the person who “discovered” evolution. But, the historical record shows that roughly seventy different individuals published work on the topic of evolution between 1748 and 1859, the year that Darwin published On the Origin of Species.

Who did Darwin steal from?

19th century shipping records defy the claim that Charles Darwin stole some of Alfred Russel Wallace’s ideas to craft his theory of evolution.

Was Darwin influenced by Linnaeus?

How did Linnaeus’s work influence Darwin? Carolus Linnaeus developed the basis of our modern taxonomical system of classification and came up with binomial nomenclature. … This concept influenced Darwin in that he was able to apply some of its principles to his theories about evolution.

What was Malthus's idea?

Thomas Malthus was an English economist and demographer best known for his theory that population growth will always tend to outrun the food supply and that betterment of humankind is impossible without strict limits on reproduction.

How did Hutton influence Darwin?

It was Lyell’s book, but Hutton’s ideas, that inspired Darwin to incorporate the concept of an “ancient” mechanism that had been at work since the beginning of the Earth in his own world-changing book, “The Origin of the Species.” Thus, Hutton’s concepts indirectly sparked the idea of natural selection for Darwin.

How did Wallace's ideas about evolution influence Darwin's feelings about publishing his own theory?

How did Wallace’s ideas about evolution influence Darwin’s feelings about publishing his own theory? Darwin decided to publish his ideas after he read Wallace’s work. Previously he had not wanted to publish them until after his death.

What was Malthus's idea How did it influence Darwin's thoughts on living things?

How did it influence Darwin’s thoughts on living things? Malthus argued that there was never enough food to keep up with human population growth, so humans would always suffer from famine and misery.

How did the geologist Charles Lyell influence Darwin quizlet?

He proposed a theory of evolution similar to Darwin’s. How did the geologist Charles Lyell influence Darwin? He suggested that slow, gradual changes shaped the features of Earth. … There have been many fossils of intermediate types discovered that provide strong support for the theory of common descent.

How Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace developed their theory of natural selection?

A visit to the Galapagos Islands in 1835 helped Darwin formulate his ideas on natural selection. He found several species of finch adapted to different environmental niches. The finches also differed in beak shape, food source, and how food was captured.

Where did the animals that influenced Alfred Wallace's ideas about natural selection mainly come from?

Wallace’s research on the geographic distribution of animals among the islands of the Malay Archipelago provided crucial evidence for his evolutionary theories and led him to devise what soon became known as the Wallace Line, the boundary that separates the fauna of Australia from that of Asia.

What were Wallace's two major journeys?

In 1854, aged 31, he set off on a new voyage to Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and New Guinea. This was a much more successful expedition than Brazil. He discovered thousands of new species of beetle and he sent over 100,000 specimens of various species back to the UK.

Who published the theory of natural selection first?

The title page of the 1859 edition of On the Origin of SpeciesAuthorCharles DarwinSubjectNatural selection Evolutionary biologyPublished24 November 1859 (John Murray)Media typePrint (Hardback)