Why is Mapplethorpe important

Introduction. Robert Mapplethorpe is best known for his powerful black-and-white portraits and self-portraits. His photographs both challenge us and present us with images of classical beauty.

What was Mapplethorpe's goal?

“Mapplethorpe always said that his goal was to achieve perfection in form, which is of course an ideal that links him to Michelangelo,” said Jérôme Neutres, the head curator of the Grand Palais retrospective.

Why is Mapplethorpe controversial?

Mapplethorpe was caught up in what seemed like a debate about arts funding and censorship, but this was really a pretext for connecting sex to disease to a general sense of cultural decay — Helms called artists like Mapplethorpe “human cockroaches” — and blaming it all on LGBT people, a convenient minority scapegoat.

What kind of photographer was Robert Mapplethorpe?

Robert Mapplethorpe was an American photographer known for his black-and-white portraits and for documenting New York’s S&M scene. He was concerned with Classical aspects of beauty, whether in his nudes, floral still lifes, or self-portraits—light, shadow, composition, and form were central to all his work.

How did Mapplethorpe become a photographer?

Mapplethorpe attended the Pratt Institute in New York City (1963–70). After experimenting with underground filmmaking in the late 1960s, by 1970 he was creating photographs using a Polaroid camera, often arranging them into collages or showing them as series.

Was Patti Smith married to Robert Mapplethorpe?

Despite these appearances, the Mapplethorpe family were told that Robert and Patti had married and responded accordingly. “My mom would send her anniversary presents addressed to Patti Mapplethorpe,” recalls Nancy. “But my father pointed out there were no pictures of the ceremony and that we’d seen no marriage license.

What is Mapplethorpe best known for?

Introduction. Robert Mapplethorpe is best known for his powerful black-and-white portraits and self-portraits. His photographs both challenge us and present us with images of classical beauty.

How much was Mapplethorpe worth?

At his death, Mapplethorpe left the bulk of his estate to the foundation. Assets of the foundation could total $5 million to $25 million, depending on proceeds of the auction and how Mapplethorpe’s photographs are marketed by his studio, Stout said.

What lighting did Mapplethorpe use?

Re: Robert Mapplethorpe – How Did He Light This? Clamshell, with a large rectangular softbox up high as the key, and a reflector (or another light) down low. “You often feel tired, not because you’ve done too much, but because you’ve done too little of what sparks a light in you.”

When did Mapplethorpe become famous?

Mapplethorpe often photographed Smith, and stated that, “Patti was an unbelievable subject, there were so many sides to her, so many aspects that changed my world vision.” Smith matched Mapplethorpe’s ambition and drive to become a famous artist in New York during the early 1970s, and went on to become one of the most …

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How did Patti Smith Meet Robert Mapplethorpe?

Smith met the 21-year-old Mapplethorpe on her first day in the city, and Just Kids is the story of their romance, friendship and creative bond. She and Mapplethorpe met in the summer of 1967, both children of religious upbringings, both influenced by ideas about art and outsider culture.

Who gave Mapplethorpe his first camera?

With his first camera, a Polaroid SX-70 provided by the late curator of prints and photographs at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, John McKendry, Mapplethorpe was able to produce photographic images of his own. Later he would acquire a 4-by-5-inch view camera, and finally a Hasselblad.

When was Mapplethorpe born?

Robert Mapplethorpe was born November 4, 1946, in Floral Park, New York. He left home in 1962 and enrolled at the Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, in 1963, where he studied painting and sculpture and received his B.F.A. in 1970.

Why do artists use mark making?

Expressing emotions. Artists often use mark making and gestural qualities to express their feelings or emotions about something they have seen or experienced. … Cy Twombly developed gestural mark making into a form of personal handwriting.

Why is Patti important?

Patti Smith is a singer, writer and artist who became a highly influential figure in the New York City punk rock scene. After working on a factory assembly line, she began performing spoken word and later formed the Patti Smith Group (1974-79). Her most famous album is Horses.

What happened to Fred Sonic Smith?

Fred (Sonic) Smith, a guitarist for the influential rock band the MC5, died on Friday at St. John’s Hospital in Detroit. … Clair Shores, a suburb of Detroit. The cause was heart failure, said his wife, Patti Smith, the poet and musician.

What was Prince's birth name?

Prince, original name Prince Rogers Nelson, later called the Artist Formerly Known as Prince and the Artist, (born June 7, 1958, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.—died April 21, 2016, Chanhassen, Minnesota), singer, guitarist, songwriter, producer, dancer, and performer on keyboards, drums, and bass who was among the most …

What lens did Mapplethorpe use?

Hasselblad w/ 150mm lens, Tri-x (probably [email protected]), Rodinal 1:25 or 1:50, subjects lit with two umbrella’d strobes, and printing sometimes done with pantyhose material stretched over the enlarger lens for slight diffusion.

How old is Mapplethorpe?

Robert Mapplethorpe, a photographer whose widely exhibited pictures combined classical beauty with sometimes shocking subject matter, died of acquired immune deficiency syndrome yesterday at New England Deaconess Hospital in Boston. He was 42 years old and lived in Manhattan.

Who inherited Robert Mapplethorpe's estate?

In his will he left bequests of $100,000 each to the Museum of Modern Art, the Metropolitan Museum, and the New York Public Library, as well as $10,000 and the family silver to his sister, Mrs. Jefferson, and $10,000 to each of her three children. “She’s enormously rich,” said Mapplethorpe about Mrs.

Is Edward Mapplethorpe married?

In 1997 he met (and later married) art curator Michelle Yun. And at age 54 Edward became a father. With a new outlook on life, he returned to the darkroom.

Which artist created a work that was referred to as an explosion in a shingle factory?

Marcel Duchamp’s Cubist-inspired Nude Descending a Staircase was famously described by one critic as “an explosion in a shingle factory.” One hundred years ago in New York City, nearly 90,000 people came to see the future of art.

What happened to Robert Mapplethorpe?

Death. Mapplethorpe died on March 9, 1989, at the age of 42 due to complications from HIV/AIDS, in a Boston hospital. His body was cremated.

Who was Patti Smith husband?

Frederick Dewey Smith (September 14, 1948 – November 4, 1994), known professionally as Fred “Sonic” Smith, was an American guitarist, best known as a member of the influential and political Detroit rock band MC5. At age 31, he married and raised a family with poet and fellow rock musician Patti Smith.

What is Sally Mann known for?

Sally Mann, neé Sally Munger, (born May 1, 1951, Lexington, Virginia, U.S.), American photographer whose powerful images of childhood, sexuality, and death were often deemed controversial. Mann was introduced to photography by her father, Robert Munger, a physician who photographed her nude as a girl.